Innovation and Development around the World 1960-2000
Dataset used in World Bank Policy Research Working Paper #3774 (November 2005).
The data include measures of innovation outcomes as well as variables related to innovation effort. The main indicator of innovation outputs is patents. The main variables related to innovation inputs are investment in research and development (R&D) and technical personnel (engineers, scientists) working in R&D activities. The sources of these data are publicly available (OECD, UNESCO, etc.), yet there have been few attempts at double checking the consistency of these data and digitizing observations dating back to the 1960s.
Kind of data
Aggregate data [agg]
Producers and sponsors
Daniel Lederman and Laura Saenz
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Daniel Lederman and Laura Saenz. Innovation and Development around the World (ID) 1960-2000. Ref. WLD_2000_ID_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [web address] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.