In 2011 the World Bank in collaboration with the Department for International Development (DFID), launched the follow-up survey to the standard World Bank Enterprise Survey (ES) aiming to improve the measurement of innovation in emerging economies and developing countries.
Researchers re-visited firms already interviewed during the ES to collect firms-level data on innovation and innovation-related activities, such as product innovation, process innovation, organizational innovation, and marketing innovation.
The objectives of the Innovation Follow-up Survey are:
- To provide evidence on nature, role and determinants of innovation in emerging and developing countries;
- To generate information that will be used to identify projects and develop policies to promote innovation;
- To stimulate systematic policy dialogue on the importance of innovation as a driver of private sector development and economic growth at the global level.
In Ghana, the survey was administered to a subset of ES respondents randomly selected in order to have a final sample of 75% of the original ES; 549 successful interviews were performed. Business owners and top managers were interviewed from January 2014 through August 2014.
Kind of data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of analysis
The primary sampling unit of the study is an establishment. An establishment is a physical location where business is carried out and where industrial operations take place or services are provided. A firm may be composed of one or more establishments. For example, a brewery may have several bottling plants and several establishments for distribution. For the purposes of this survey an establishment must make its own financial decisions and have its own financial statements separate from those of the firm. An establishment must also have its own management and control over its payroll.
The whole population, or the universe, covered in the Enterprise Surveys is the non-agricultural private economy. It comprises: all manufacturing sectors according to the ISIC Revision 3.1 group classification (group D), construction sector (group F), services sector (groups G and H), and transport, storage, and communications sector (group I). Note that this population definition excludes the following sectors: financial intermediation (group J), real estate and renting activities (group K, except sub-sector 72, IT, which was added to the population under study), and all public or utilities sectors. Companies with 100% government ownership are not eligible to participate in the Enterprise Surveys.
Producers and sponsors
The Department for International Development
Respondents were randomly selected from a list of establishments interviewed for Ghana 2013 Enterprise Survey. The goal was to have a final sample of 75% of the original businesses.
Weighs for the innovation survey are calculated from the original Enterprise Survey weights through upwards adjustment by multiplying with a cell-specific factor which equals the proportion of originally completed ES interviews to completed innovation interviews.
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
The use of this dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator (including country name)
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online)
The World Bank. Ghana Enterprise Survey (ES) 2014, Innovation Follow-up Survey. Ref. GHA_2014_ES-INNOV_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.