The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically-driven multi-country survey, which has been administered in over 30 countries to date. Its three aims are, first - to monitor and interpret changing public attitudes and values within Europe and to investigate how they interact with Europe's changing institutions, second - to advance and consolidate improved methods of cross-national survey measurement in Europe and beyond, and third - to develop a series of European social indicators, including attitudinal indicators.
In the seventh round, the survey covered 22 countries. Round 7 was funded by the Members, Observers and Guests of ESS European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC) who represent national governments. Participating countries directly fund the central coordination costs of the ESS ERIC, as well the costs of fieldwork and national coordination in their own country.
The survey involves strict random probability sampling, a minimum target response rate of 70% and rigorous translation protocols. The hour-long face-to-face interview includes questions on a variety of core topics repeated from previous rounds of the survey and also two modules developed for Round 7 covering Social Inequalities in Health and their Determinants and Attitudes towards Immigration and their Antecedents (the latter is a partial repeat of a module from round 1).
Kind of data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of analysis
ESS7 edition 2.1 (published 01.12.16)
The data is available to users without restrictions, for not-for-profit purposes. In accordance with data protection regulations in participating countries, only anonymous data is available.
For previous releases please see http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/data/ESS7_version_notes.html
All persons aged 15 and over residing within private households, regardless of their nationality, citizenship, language or legal status, in the following participating countries:
1) European Union countries - Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.
2) Non-European Union countries: Israel, Norway, Switzerland.
Producers and sponsors
ESS European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC)
Austria - Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy and Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Consumer Protection.
Belgium - Hercules Fonds (Flanders) and FNRS (Wallonia)
Czech Republic - Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports
Denmark - The Danish Council for independent Research - Social Sciences
Estonia - Ministry of Science and Education and University of Tartu
Finland - Academy of Finland
France - UMS Progedo (Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) and Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS))
Germany - Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation)
Hungary - Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre for Social Sciences
Ireland - Irish Research Council
Israel - The Council for Higher Education (CHE), The Planning and Budgeting Committee (PBC)
Lithuania - Ministry of Education and Science of Lithuania and Research Council of Lithuania
Netherlands - The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Norway - The Research Council of Norway
Poland - The Ministry of Science and Higher Education
Portugal - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Slovenia - Slovenian Research Agency, Ministry of Education, Science and Sport
Spain - Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas
Sweden - Vetenskapsrådet (The Swedish Research Council)
Switzerland - SNFS (Swiss National Science Foundation)
United Kingdom - Economic and Social Research Council
The purpose of the design weights (DWEIGHT) is to correct for unequal probabilities for selection due to the sampling design used.
In general design weights were computed for each country as follows.
1.w = 1/(PROB1*...*PROBk) is a nx1 vector of weights ; k depends on the number of stages of the sampling design.
2. All weights were rescaled in a way that the sum of the final weights equals n, i.e. Rescaled weights = n*w/sum(w).
The purpose of the post-stratification weights (PSPWGHT) is to reduce sampling error and non-response bias, using auxiliary information. The ESS post-stratification weights have been constructed using information about age, gender, education and region. The ESS post-stratification weights also adjust for unequal selection probabilities (design weights).
A raking procedure has been used in the production of the post-stratification weights.
Source population figures: Eurostat. The European Union labour force survey (EU-LFS). For Norway, Israel the source population figures were obtained from: ESS7 Appendix A5 Population Statistics. For Sweden: ESS6 Appendix 5 Population statistics. For Austria the source for statistics on region was ESS7 Appendix A5 popoulation Statistics.
The Population size weight (PWEIGHT) corrects for population size when combining two or more country's data, and is calculated as PWEIGHT=[Population aged 15 years and over]/[(Net sample in data file)*10 000]
Source population figures: Eurostat. For Israel ESS7 Appendix A5 Population Statistics.
Citation of data:
European Social Survey Round 7 Data (2014). Data file edition 2.1. NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data, Norway - Data Archive and distributor of ESS data for ESS ERIC
Citation of documentation:
European Social Survey (2016): ESS7- 2014 Documentation Report. Edition 3.1. Bergen, European Social Survey Data Archive, NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data for ESS ERIC
To ensure that such source attributions are captured for social science bibliographic utilities, citations must appear in the footnotes or in the reference section of publications.
Original archive where collection stored
ESS European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ESS ERIC)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The ESS ERIC, Core Scientific Team (CST) and the producers bear no responsibility for the uses of the ESS data, or for interpretations or inferences based on these uses. The ESS ERIC, CST and the producers accept no liability for indirect, consequential or incidental damages or losses arising from use of the data collection, or from the unavailability of, or break in access to the service for whatever reason.
DDI editing, metadata distribution in the World Bank Microdata Catalog and IHSN Survey Catalog
- v01 (2016)
The metadata was documented by the Norwegian Centre for Research Data. It was downloaded on November 9, 2017 from http://nesstar.ess.nsd.uib.no/webview/index.jsp?v=2&submode=abstract&study=http%3A%2F%2F22.214.171.124%3A80%2Fobj%2FfStudy%2FESS8e01.0&mode=documentation&top=yes by the World Bank Microdata Library documentation team. The dataset and documents were downloaded on November 6, 2017 from http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/data/download.html?r=7
- v02 (November 2017)
Modifications in the study ID and DDI ID were done by the World Bank Microdata Library documentation team to match the standard used by the library and the IHSN Survey Catalog. Some metadata fields were edited, and additional metadata fields were added.