The Survey provides valuable information on the status of children and women in Khuvsgul province and gives statistically sound and internationally comparable data essential for developing evidence-based policies and programmes, and for monitoring progress towards local government’s goals and commitments.
The 2016 CDS in Khuvsgul province has as its primary objectives:
- To provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Khuvsgul province;
- To collect disaggregated data for the identification of disparities, to allow for evidence based policy-making aimed at social inclusion of the most vulnerable;
- To furnish data needed to monitor progress towards the Millennium Development Goals and other internationally agreed upon goals, as a basis for future action at the provincial level;
- To generate data for the assessment of the progress towards of the objectives set out in the UNICEF Country Program for Mongolia, 2012-2016;
- To contribute to the generation of baseline data for the post-2016 agenda;
- To validate data from other sources and the results of focused interventions.
Kind of data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of analysis
- v01: Edited, anonymous datasets for public distribution.
Provincial level , for urban and rural areas, for six regions namely Central, Touristic, Agricultural, Ider, Tes-Ekh and Murun.
Bagh within soum in the province is the lowest administrative units and is defined as primary sampling units.
Unit of analysis
The survey covered all de jure household members (usual residents), all women age 15-49 years, all men age 15-49 years and all children under 5 living in the household.
Producers and sponsors
National Statistics Office of Mongolia
United Nations Children’s Fund
United Nations International Children's Fund
The sample for the Khuvsgul province CDS was designed to provide estimates for a large number of indicators on the situation of children and women at provincial level, for urban and rural areas, for six regions namely Central, Touristic, Agricultural, Ider, Tes-Ekh and Murun. The regions were identified as the main sampling domains and the sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage the primary sampling units (PSUs) were the baghs in soums in Khuvsgul province.
A total of 2650 households were selected and selection probabilities and corresponding weights vary by PSUs and by the second stage stratum of households with and without children under 5 years of age.
Within each sampling stratum, the sample was selected in two stages. The PSUs within each stratum were selected systematically with probability proportional to size (PPS). After a household listing was carried out in each sample PSU, a systematic sample of households was selected separately for households with and without children, for a total of 25 sample households per PSU. The 2015 official statistics of the household registration was used as a sampling frame.
The sample was stratified by region and is not self-weighting. For reporting all survey results, sample weights are used. As it was mentioned before the lowest administrative units (bagh within soum in the province) were defined as primary sampling units. The survey covered 23 soums and 106 sample baghs; the listing of households was updated during September-October 2016.
During the data collection fieldwork in October-December 2016, we had encountered problems due to seasonal movement of families; transportation means to reach remote families were broken due to heavy snow falls and severe cold. In spite of this, we managed to collect survey data in all of the 106 selected PSUs.
For reporting survey results, sample weights are used. A more detailed description of the ample design can be found in the Final Report (Appendix A) attached as Related Material.
Of the 2650 households selected for the sample 2641 households were available. Of these 2626 households were successfully interviewed yielding a response rate of 99.4 percent. A total of 2115 women age 15-49 years were listed within the interviewed households, of which 2039 were successfully interviewed, indicating a response rate of 96.4 percent.
The survey also sampled men age 15-49, but required only a subsample of every second household. 1007 men age 15-49 years were listed in the household questionnaires. Questionnaires were completed for 943 eligible men, which corresponds to a response rate of 93.6 percent within eligible interviewed households.
In addition, 1134 children under 5 were listed in the household questionnaires. Questionnaires were completed for 1129 of these children, which corresponds to a response rate of 99.6 percent within interviewed households.
Overall response rates in Khuvsgul province stands at 93.1 percent of men age 15-49 years, 95.9 percent for women and 99.0 percent calculated for mothers/ caregivers of children under 5.
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
Questionnaire contents and indicators for the survey were identified based on the survey objectives and covering the main indicators of the MICS5 model questionnaire recommended by UNICEF. Moreover, the principle of international comparability and with previous surveys was considered.
Five sets of questionnaires were used in the survey:
1. A household questionnaire which was used to collect basic demographic information on all de jure household members (usual residents), the household, and the dwelling;
2. A questionnaire for individual women administered in each household to all women age 15-49 years;
3. A questionnaire for individual men administered in every second household to all men age 15-49 years;
4. An under-5 questionnaire, administered to mothers (or caretakers) for all children under 5 living in the household; and
5. A questionnaire for evaluating water quality administered in every third household.
In addition to the administration of the questionnaires, fieldwork teams tested the salt used for cooking in the households for iodine content, observed the place for hand washing and measured the weights and heights of children age under 5 years.
The Questionnaire for Child under 5 was administered to mothers or caretakers of all children under 55 years of age living in the households. Normally, the questionnaire was administered to mothers of under-5 children; in cases when the mother was not listed in the household roster, a primary caretaker for the child was identified and interviewed.
Every third household was administered question on drinking-water quality, questioning water source of the household and testing residential water quality.
The questionnaires were pre-tested in July 2016 in 3 baghs of Kherlen and Tsenkhermandal soums of Khentii province and 2 khesegs of 8th khoroo of Bayangol District, Ulaanbaatar.
The MICS utilized tablet PCs for data collection. This environmental friendly solution offered many advantages including, sending the data collected from the field immediately to the central office at a click of a button, time saving from data entry (in the case of paper surveys), cost in the long term and ensuring information collected are of high quality.
The data collected by the interviewers from the respondents aggregated at the team supervisors and after required clarification and editing, the data was sent to the central network of the NSO. The data received at the central office were monitored and checked. Where additional clarifications were needed on a particular data, the team supervisors were made to contact the particular household. Followed by entering the survey data to online database using Census and Survey Processing System 5.03 (CSPro 5.03) public domain software. These followed procedures and standard programs developed under the global MICS programme and adapted to the SISS Mongolia 2013 questionnaire were used throughout.
Customization of the generic CDS syntaxes developed for MICS5 for the analysis of the data was done. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences Version 21.0 (SPSS) software program and model syntax and tabulation plans were developed by global MICS/UNICEF team.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
National Statistics Office of Mongolia, United Nations Children’s Fund. Mongolia - Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2016, Khuvsgul Province. Ref. MNG_2016_MICS-KP_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [url] on [date].
Data collection locations
Original archive where collection stored
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.