Life on the Margins: Survey Results of the Experiences of LGBTI People in Southeastern Europe 2017
Europe and Central Asia
Kind of data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Southestern Europe: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, FYR Macedonia, and Montenegro; as well as two European Union (EU) member states, Croatia and Slovenia.
Producers and sponsors
IPSOS Strategic Marketing
ERA – LGBTI Equal Rights Association for the Western Balkans and Turkey
Civil Society partner
Nordic Trust Fund
The survey was conducted with a self-selected, nonprobability sample. LGBTI people are a hard-to-reach population with at least two characteristics that make standard random sampling procedures inappropriate: the absence of a sampling frame (i.e., the characteristics of the total population are unknown) and the strong need for privacy protection. As a result, it cannot be said that respondents to the survey represent the LGBTI population as a whole. To address this concern, at least in part, the sample was weighted based on a study of the literature. The structure of LGBTI respondents by country is provided in the survey report.
Representative surveys of LGBTI populations are difficult to conduct due to the small percentage of adults who identify as LGBTI. Weighting can adjust sample characteristics to population targets to correct over- and/or under-sampled groups. The challenge for populations not measured in administrative surveys (e.g., a census) or large-N studies is that these targets are unknown.
Additional details on weighting are provided in Annex 1 of the survey report.
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data collection supervision
At the World Bank, the team was led by Georgia Harley and Nicholas Menzies (Task Team Leaders), with the unwavering support of Dominik Kohler (Project Coordinator).
In order to minimize disclosure risk and sensitive questions, the public-use data file for the FRA has been altered from the original dataset. The following steps were taken to minimize disclosure risk and restrict access to sensitive questions:
1 - Discretize age: variable A1.
2 - Removed: A3_B (intersex)
3 - Removed: A3_A (gender identity for transgender people)
4 - Removed any variables that contain write-in responses
5 - Removed: TR1 - TR9 (Transgender section)
6 - Removed: IN1 - IN9L (Intersex section)
7 - Removed C6_A
8 - Removed Section F: Physical/Sexual Violence and Harassment
9 - Removed: G3 (transgender openness)
10 - Removed: G3_1 (intersex openness)
11 - H7: Recode to Urban / Suburban / Rural (1/3/5 = Urban; 2/4 =Suburban; 6/7 = Rural)
14 - Removed: H8
15 - Removed: H9_1 - H9_3
16 - H16 - Recoded such that "other minority" or a "minority with a disability" are collapsed to the same category.
17 - HA1 - Recoded and collapsed the "Yes" responses
18 - HA4 - Recoded and collapsed the "Yes" responses
19 - HA5 - Recoded and collapsed the "Yes" responses
20 - HA6 - Recoded and collapsed the "Yes" responses
21 - Removed: I1
22 - Removed: J1 and J2
All individuals seeking to have access to the FRA should take the steps necessary to gain access to the restricted data file.
Before being granted access to the dataset, all users have to formally agree:
1. To make no copies of any files or portions of files to which s/he is granted access except those authorized by the data depositor.
2. Not to use any technique in an attempt to learn the identity of any person, establishment, or sampling unit not identified on public use data files.
3. To hold in strictest confidence the identification of any establishment or individual that may be inadvertently revealed in any documents or discussion, or analysis. Such inadvertent identification revealed in her/his analysis will be immediately brought to the attention of the data depositor.
- Public use files, accessible to all
Citation requirement is the way that the dataset should be referenced when cited in any publication. Every dataset should have a citation requirement. This will guarantee that the data producer gets proper credit, and that analytical results can be linked to the proper version of the dataset. The Access Policy should explicitly mention the obligation to comply with the citation requirement. The citation should include at least the primary investigator, the name and abbreviation of the dataset, the reference year, and the version number. Include also a website where the data or information on the data is made available by the official data depositor.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
World Bank. Life on the Margins: Survey Results of the Experiences of LGBTI People in Southeastern Europe. Ref. ECA_2017_ELPSE_v01_M.Downloaded from [url] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.