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Informal Survey 2010
The World Bank's Informal Surveys collect data on non-registered business activities in different countries. The Informal Surveys were developed in parallel to the World Bank's Enterprise Surveys (ES), which are administered to formal, private, non-agricultural firms around the world.
In some countries unregistered enterprises make up a significant part of the economy. Understanding how informal businesses function and why they prefer to remain non-registered could help implement changes in government - business relationships.
The Informal Surveys are conducted using a uniform sampling methodology in order to minimize measurement error and yield data that are comparable across the world's economies.
This research is a survey of unregistered businesses conducted in Botswana between February and November, 2010, at the same time with Botswana 2010 Enterprise Survey. Data from 99 enterprises were analyzed.
Questionnaire topics include general information about a business, infrastructure and services, sales and supplies, crime, sources and access to finance, business-government relationship, assets, AIDS and sickness (for African region), bribery, workforce composition, obstacles to get registration, reasons for not registering, and benefits that an establishment could get from registration. The mode of data collection is face-to-face interviews.
The Informal Surveys aim to accomplish the following objectives:
1) To provide information about the state of the private sector for informal businesses in client countries;
2) To generate information about the reasons of said informality;
3) To collect useful data for the research agenda on informality;
4) To provide information on the level of activity in the informal sector of selected urban centers in each country.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Units of Analysis
The primary sampling unit of the Informal Surveys is an unregistered establishment. For Botswana, informal firms were defined as those not registered with the Central Statistics Office of Botswana (CSO).
The whole population, or the universe, covered in the survey is the non-agricultural informal economy.
At the beginning of each survey, a screening procedure is conducted in order to identify eligible interviewees. At this point, a full description of all the activities of the business owner or manager is taken; based on its principal activity, a business is then classified in the manufacturing or services stratum using a list of activities developed from previous iterations of the survey. Certain activities are excluded such as strictly illegal activities (e.g., prostitution or drug trafficking) as well as individual activities that are forms of selling labor like domestic servants or windshield washers.