The section provides a detailed description of the study (i.e. the metadata). Topics covered relate to the survey methodology, sampling methods, data collection, funding, dates of collection, geographical coverage and the access policy for the data from this study. Download the metadata in a number of formats from the Export metadata link.
Migration Household Survey 2009
Other Household Survey
The Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) carried out the Migration and Remittances Survey in South Africa for the World Bank in collaboration with the African Development Bank. The primary mandate of the HSRC in this project was to come up with a migration database that includes both immigrants and emigrants. The specific activities included:
· A household survey with a view of producing a detailed demographic/economic database of immigrants, emigrants and non migrants
· The collation and preparation of a data set based on the survey
· The production of basic primary statistics for the analysis of migration and remittance behaviour in South Africa.
Like many other African countries, South Africa lacks reliable census or other data on migrants (immigrants and emigrants), and on flows of resources that accompanies movement of people. This is so because a large proportion of African immigrants are in the country undocumented. A special effort was therefore made to design a household survey that would cover sufficient numbers and proportions of immigrants, and still conform to the principles of probability sampling. The approach that was followed gives a representative picture of migration in 2 provinces, Limpopo and Gauteng, which should be reflective of migration behaviour and its impacts in South Africa.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Units of Analysis
The scope of the Migration Household Survey includes:
- Household Roster
- Housing Conditions
- Household Assets and Household Expenditure
- Household Use of Financial Services
- Health Conditions
- Internal and International Migration and Remittances from Former Household Members
- Internal and International Migration and Remittances from Non-Household Members
- Return Migration
- Migration Status
- Ties with Areas of Origin
Two provinces: Gauteng and Limpopo
Limpopo is the main corridor for migration from African countries to the north of South Africa while Gauteng is the main port of entry as it has the largest airport in Africa. Gauteng is a destination for internal and international migrants because it has three large metropolitan cities with a great economic potential and reputation for offering employment, accommodations and access to many different opportunities within a distance of 56 km. These two provinces therefore were expected to accommodate most African migrants in South Africa, co-existing with a large host population.
The target group consists of households in all communities. The survey will be conducted among metro and non-metro households. Non-metro households include those in:
- small towns,
- secondary cities,
- peri-urban settlements and
- deep rural areas.
From each selected household, one adult respondent will be selected to participate in the study.