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Citation Information

Type Book Section - Problems at the Labour Market in the Western Balkans
Title First international conference on Balkans studies (ICBS 2008) - integration of the Western Balkans into Euro-Atlantic structures - future Challenges
Author(s)
Edition Ömer Ero, Güngör Turan, Cemal Baltac, Nedret
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2008
Page numbers 235-257
Publisher EPOKA University Centrefor European Studies
City Tirana
Country/State Albania
URL http://www.epokauniversity.com/icbs/gallery/ICBS2008.pdf#page=247
Abstract
In this paper are analyzed problems related to job creation as a major priority throughout the Western Balkans. In the paper is stressed out the idea that even in countries with fairly strong economic growth during the last years (e.g., Albania, Serbia), labor market performance has been sluggish. In the other countries where growth has been slower, outcomes are even worse. It is also analyzed the contribution of emigration to sustainable growth as an employment alternative and with regard to the enlargement of Eu with new member states after 2004.\nThere are varying migratory patterns and motivation across the Balkan region, also making it impossible to generalise. One theory, known as the “migration hump”, suggests that, as economic development proceeds, rather than reducing migratory outflows it will actually stimulate them. However, some analysts contend that, in the case of Albania and Turkey, it would, in the medium term bring them out of the “migration band” and reduce mass emigration. For other Balkan countries, on the other hand, it might increase emigration pressures: “aid in place of migration” is not a serious option for much of the Balkan region, despite the imperative of the area’s economic development.\n\nIn the third part of the paper are explored women labor market potential through economic analysis of some areas in Shkodra region taken in case. In a report of the World Bank of 2000 in Albania the informal economy occupied 33.4% of GDP, and according to the claim of Labour Inspectoriate–Shkodra branch in northern region is noticed an informality at 40% during 2005. As well is noticed by the businesses that there are infractions of law competition in which the strongest makes progress with illegal and unfair methods. Through analyzing of traditional women employment in Shkodra region there are given some alternatives for future women employment such as handicraft, services, family tourism, textile industry.

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