This study was undertaken to investigate public attitudes on national priorities, social issues, political parties and the South African government’s service delivery programme. It also aimed to reflect the extent of and attitudes towards the transition from the previous apartheid system to a constitutional democracy. The survey was a project of the HSRC’s Public Opinion Analysis Programme, which aimed to provide regular and reliable data and analysis of national social priority issues.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Units of analysis in the survey were individuals 18 years and older.
v1.1: Edited, anonymised data for licensed distribution
Version 1 of the HSRC National Survey 1998 acquired from South Africa Data Archive (SADA) did not have value labels and variable labels.
In this version, version 1.1, value labels have been added by DataFirst on 09 February 2012.
The survey collected data on individuals, including gender, age, highest educational qualification, employment status, marital status, and population group, as well as household income data. Public opinion data collected included citizens' political affiliations, and their perceptions of democratic development, national priorities, the economy, government performance and service delivery, and gender and sociopolitical issues.
mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion [4.6]
The survey had national coverage
The lowest level of geographic aggregation covered by the data is magisterial district
The survey covered all people in the country, 18 years and older.
Producers and sponsors
Human Sciences Research Council
The population was stratified according to nine socio-economic area types. The allocation was roughly proportional to the adjusted 1991 population census figures. Multistage cluster (probability) sampling was used to draw the respondents, using the adjusted 1991 population census figures as a sampling frame. Census enumerator areas and similar areas were used as the clusters in the penultimate sampling stage, from which an equal number of households were drawn. All the clusters were drawn from the final clusters with equal probability (systematically). The respondents were drawn at random from qualifying household members.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Fieldwork for the survey was undertaken by Markdata
University of Cape Town
University of Cape Town
Licensed dataset, accessible under conditions
Human Sciences Research Council. HSRC National Survey 1998 [dataset]. Version 1.1. Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council [producer], 1998. Cape Town: DataFirst [distributor], 2012.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.