The KALAHI-CIDSS program was set up in 2002 to alleviate rural poverty in the Philippines. It provides resources to poor rural municipalities to invest in public goods and by reviving local institutions to enhance people’s participation in governance. The project targeted the poorest 25 percent of municipalities in each of the poorest 42 provinces. The government of the Philippines committed $82 million to the project, which was complemented by a $100 million loan from the World Bank. As of December 2010, the project had covered 4,583 barangays (villages) in 200 municipalities and supported 5,645 subprojects, worth Php 5.7 billion and benefiting about 1.26 million households.
The program's impact evaluation was designed in 2003 to evaluate general impacts on poverty reduction, social capital, empowerment, and governance. The team collected quantitative and qualitative data before, during, and after project implementation in a sample of KALAHI-CIDSS municipalities that received support ("treatment" municipalities) and from comparable municipalities that did not receive support ("control" municipalities). The quantitative baseline survey was carried out in September-October 2003, the quantitative midterm - in October-November 2006 and the quantitative endline survey - in February-March 2010.
Data were collected on a broad range of indicators: service delivery (access to health, education), poverty (employment, per capita consumption, self-rated poverty), empowerment and governance (group membership, participation in barangay assemblies, collective action). The quantitative sample includes 2,400 households in 135 barangays in 16 municipalities in 4 provinces.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
- barangays (villages)
v01 - cleaned, anonymized datasets for public distribution
The scope of the study includes:
- demographic characteristics,
- output indicators,
- poverty indicators,
- participation and social capital,
- presence/access to facilities,
- access to services,
- barangay (village) revenue sources, spending and transparency,
- local planning,
- monitoring and evaluation,
- KALAHI-CIDSS evaluation,
- development activities implementation & barangay decision-making,
- presence and representation of organized sectors.
Four provinces: Albay, Capiz, Zamboanga del Sur and Agusan del Sur
Producers and sponsors
Robert S. Chase
World Bank and Oxford University
The quantitative sample includes 2,400 households in 135 barangays (villages) in 16 municipalities in 4 provinces. The team used cluster analysis to select two pairs of comparison and treatment municipalities in each of four provinces. The pairs with the best match were selected.
Deviations from the Sample Design
The sample size was reduced from 2,400 households during the baseline survey to a little less than 1,900 households during the endline survey, mostly due to migration and deaths. One of the original control municipalities in Albay (Malinao) ended up being included in the PODER project, a KALAHI-CIDSS-type program supported by the Spanish aid agency. As a result, baseline data had to be collected in a replacement control municipality (Oas).
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
World Bank and Oxford University
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Robert S. Chase, World Bank; Julien Labonne, World Bank and Oxford University. Philippines KALAHI-CIDSS Impact Evaluation 2003-2010, Ref. PHL_2003_KALAHI_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [url] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.