From December 2009 to March 2010 the World Bank with the help of Moroccan government conducted a study of the country's young people and their engagement in economic and social activities. Researchers from the World Bank's Sustainable Development Sector of the Middle East and North Africa region utilized a mixed-method approach to study factors that impede the economic and social inclusion of Moroccans aged 15 to 29. The Morocco Household and Youth Survey (MHYS) used two survey instruments to gather quantitative data: Household Questionnaire and Youth Questionnaire.
The study used a nationally representative sample of 2,000 households, in which 1,216 households were located in urban areas and 784 households in the rural areas. The Youth Questionnaire was administered to 2,883 young people between the ages of 15 and 29, representing about 90 percent of the youth in the surveyed households. Information was collected on topics such as economic inclusion, community participation, and use of key public services. The survey was able to examine little studied issues relating to youth such as participation in the labor force, intermediation, career choice, perceived job possibilities, use of time, use of recreational and educational activities targeting young people who have completed formal education.
The focus groups discussions supplemented MHYS.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
- Individuals between the ages of 15 and 29.
Version 01: Public Use Files
The scope of the study includes:
Households: demographic and educational characteristics, economic activities, migration, social program participation, asset ownership, consumption.
Individuals between the ages of 15 and 29: economic inclusion, community participation, use of key public services, labor force, intermediation, career choice, perceived job possibilities, use of time, use of recreational and educational activities.
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Economy and General Affairs
Ministry of Youth and Sports
National Agency for Social Assistance
Ministry of Agriculture and Maritime Fisheries
The sample size for the Household Questionnaire was 2,000 households with 1,216 found in urban locations and 784 in rural locations. The 2,000 households were drawn from the 2004 General Census of Population and Housing. For determining the number of households in urban and rural locations, proportionality of the possible locations was used to ensure representativeness. The proportionality was based off the disaggregation of Morocco into primary units in which there are about 600 households. In the end, 125 primary units were randomly selected, with 76 rural primary units and 49 urban primary units. From these 125 primary units, 16 households were randomly selected giving us the total sample size of 2,000 households.
For the Youth Questionnaire, the sample size was 2,883 individuals between the ages of 15 and 29. These 2,883 individuals came from the selected households in the Household Questionnaire. If there was an individual or individuals between the ages of 15 and 29 living at the selected household, the Youth Questionnaire was administrated. More details on sample design are provided in Appendix 2 in "MHYS Basic Information Document".
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The MHYS was implemented from December 2009 through March 2010. Prior to the implementation of the MHYS, there were two enumerator training periods from the 13th to the 16th and the 19th and 20th of October 2009 at the Center of Multimedia National Documentation Center of the High Planning Commission. The enumerator training was led by Professor Abdesselam Fazouane and Dr. Aberrahim. All the training was conducted in front of World Bank officials.
30 people attended the enumerator training, with the enumerators consisting of mostly Social Science Master students. The enumerators were trained on how to conduct interviews, how to ask questions and probe for more information, and how to code all the different classifications and categories within the questionnaires.
After the training, 20 enumerators were kept on the team. Five were assigned as mission controllers and the remaining 15 became field investigators. There were a total of five teams composed of one mission controller and three field investigators.
During the actual survey period, each team would spend three to four days in each primary unit conducting their scheduled interviews. After data was collected, the teams would enter the data into an SPSS-based program in which checks were conducted.
Household Questionnaire covers the following topics: Educational Characteristics, Economic Activities in last 12 months, Secondary Economic Activities in last 12 months, Economic Activities in the last 7 days, Unemployment, Health and Social Security, Housing Characteristics and Durables, Agricultural Assets, Climate Change and Shocks in Agriculture,Incidence of Shocks and Household Responses, Assistance from Social Programs, Migration of Household Members, Migration of non-residents, Migration and Climate Change, Decisions on Consumption in the Household, Expenditures on Frequently Consumed Food Items; Less Frequent Non-Food and Food Expenditures Household Consumption expenditures and food source procurement, Expenditure on less frequent non-food and food products,Infrequent Expenditures, Women in Decision Making
Youth Questionnaire includes the following sections: Employment Preferences, Education, Employment during the last 7 days, First Job, Employment History, Entrepreneurship and Independent Farming, Unemployment, Job Search, Job Services Access, Financial Behavior, Participation of Youth in Educational Institutions and in Youth Centers, Participation of Youth in Family, Access of Youth to Recreation and Social Activities, Satisfaction and Communication, and Time Use.
The MHYS contains several data files, with each file pertinent to a specific section. For the case in which there are multiple sections per data file, it is because they share similar levels of observations.
The households are identified by the variable "hid" which consists of the region, province, commune, and enumerator area in which the household is located. This allows the household members to remain anonymous yet statistically unique. This is extremely important especially when it comes to merging different datasets.
Merging data sets will depend on which files are being merged. The key to merging the MHYS data files will be to use unique variables.
For the data sets, the "hid" variable will be the unique variable used to perform the merge at household level; "memid" will be the unique variable used to perform the merge at individual level.
The variable "q5" which signifies enumeration area is scrambled to preserve anonymity of sampled households.
The weights are provided in the data file "weights" and can be merged.
Use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator;
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation);
- the survey reference number;
- the source and date of download.
World Bank, Morocco Household and Youth Survey (MHYS) 2009-2010, Ref. MAR_2009_MHYS_v01_M_PUF. Dataset downloaded from [url] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Data Group
Generation of DDI documentation
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
v02 (April 2013)
Following changes were made in v02 compared to v01, produced in March 2013:
- Corrected study ID number;
- Added two reports.