This data, Networks and Employment Transitions Study (NETS), is a construction of a panel data set based on the KwaZulu Income Dynamics Study (KIDS) and a sub-sample of the KIDS households. The resulting data set thus contains a partial third wave of the original KwaZulu Natal households of the Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development (PSLSD) and is meant to represent the baseline sample of the Networks and Employment Transitions Study (NETS). NETS is essentially a study of labour market dynamics that takes advantage of the panel structure of the KIDS data. NETS is primarily about transitions out of unemployment into employment. Thus the population of individuals we were interested in following over time were those who classified themselves as unemployed in the first wave of KIDS. The final sample frame for this study was comprised of individuals who were unemployed in 1993, but who were observed as either unemployed or employed in 1998.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The units of analysis in the study were individuals and households
Version 01: Edited, anonymised dataset for licensed access
The survey covers labour market topics as well as social security of workers and the influence of networks for labour market participation
Social Protection (includes Pensions, Safety Nets, Social Funds)
Province of KwaZulu-Natal
The lowest level of geographic aggregation covered by the data is province
The survey covered all unemployed individuals who are aged 19-64
Producers and sponsors
University of Cape Town
The sampling algorithm behind the NETS data was designed to ensure sucient variation in employment status. Given that the KIDS panel was not meant to reveal anything about the racial dimensions of living standards, all Indian households were deleted from this sample which led to a target sample of 677 individuals. Clusters (or magisterial districts) known to have been fabricated by fieldworkers in the first wave of the panel (cluster numbers 217 and 218) were then deleted (see Carter et al (2003) for more details). Owing to the wide geographic dispersion of the areas contained in the data and the cost implications of this, all clusters with fewer than 5 households were deleted from the frame. Thus clusters 74, 76, 79, 200, 202, 208, 210, 212, 215, 219, 226, 230, 231, and 239 were not sampled, in addition to all clusters where no individuals experienced a transition out of unemployment and into employment. This left a total of 358 households located in 45 separate clusters spread throughout the province of KwaZulu-Natal covering 1749 individuals aged 19-64 in 2002. This target sample contained the majority of the original 677 individuals, save for those no longer in the sample owing to deletion of the clusters mentioned above. These individuals were denoted as "core" members of the target sample. Demographic details of these individuals and other spatial data such as hand-drawn maps and aerial photographs were used to locate the geographical position of the 358 households that these individuals were observed as residents of in 1998. The tracking process began by plotting the rough geographic location of each sample cluster of households. In addition to those household members denoted as core, the questionnaire also allowed for new economically active individuals joining the household to be captured. The names of those individuals identied as core persons were pre-listed on each household questionnaire. Since individuals aged 15-60 were interviewed in 1998, the target sample thus ultimately comprised the 19-64 age cohort (though allowing for new household members effectively increased the range of ages beyond the 64 year cut-off). In addition, a further 206 new household members were interviewed, increasing the potential sample to 1955. As far as was practical, individual members of each household were interviewed directly. This meant that in certain cases, more than one visit to the household was required in order to complete the interview. Individuals identied as core respondents who were no longer resident within the household had to be tracked and interviewed with a separate survey instrument. The tracking rule we applied was as follows: if the person had moved to within a five-kilometre radius of the original household, then a face-to-face interview was completed, if the individual could be located. If the individual had moved further away, they were contacted telephonically, if this was possible.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
University of Cape Town
The survey questionnaire covers information on the structure and workings of the social network groups, and the benefits associated with membership, as well as a general discussion about the community
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Keswell, M, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Networks and Employment Transitions Study 2002. Ref. ZAF_2002_NETS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://www.datafirst.uct.ac.za/catalogue3/index.php/catalog/296 on [date].
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
University of Cape Town
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (August 2013). Edited version based on Version 1.1 DDI (ddi-zaf-datafirst-nets-2002-v1.1) that was done by DataFirst.