In 1990 the Central Statistical Service of South Africa sponsored a household expenditure survey in a sub-set of households in 12 major metro/urban areas in the country. The aim of the survey was to obtain data on income and expenditure patterns of South African households on which the Consumer Price Index (CPS) and various other economic indicators could be based. The survey was conducted by Markdata, the fieldwork arm of the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC). All population groups were enumerated but this dataset does not contain data files for the "white" population group.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Units of analysis in the survey includes households and individuals
Version 1.1: Edited, anonymised dataset for licensed distribution
Version 1 of the IES 1990 was received from the Central Statistics Service (now Statistics South Africa) by Dr Peter Moll of the World Bank in 1992. This version was provided to DataFirst in 2012.
Version 1.1 has variable labels added by DataFirst. Note there is no data file for the "white" population group, as this was not provided to DataFirst.
This survey provides data on the household earnings and spending of South African households in the 12 largest urban areas in South Africa
The IES 1990 only collected data on expenditure from the 12 largest urban areas in the country, leaving out buying patters in small towns and rural areas.
Areas enumerated were: Cape Peninsula, Port Elizabeth- Uitenhage, East London, Kimberley, Pietermaritz burg, Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Witwatersrand (excl Jhb), Klerksdorp, Vaal Triangle, Orange Free State-Gold Fields, Bloemfontein.
The lowest level of geographic aggregation covered by the data is magisterial district.
The survey covered all household members in the selected areas
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Service (now Statistics South Africa)
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC)
Two survey instruments were provided in the IES 1990: A detailed "long" questionnaire and a "short" questionnaire without detailed classification of expenditure items. The "short" questionnaire was completed by two out of three households enumerated. The "short" and "long" questionnaires are identified separately in the variable q_type. "Long" questionnaires are indicated as questionnaire = 1 and "short' questionnaires as questionnaire = 2.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Central Statistical Service (now Statistics South Africa). Income and Expenditure Survey 1990. Ref. ZAF_1990_IES_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://www.datafirst.uct.ac.za/catalogue3/index.php/catalog on [date].
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
University of Cape Town
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (July 2013). Edited from Version 01 DDI (ddi-zaf-ssa-ies-1990-v1) that was done by DataFirst.