It is often said that firms make unofficial payments/gifts, private payments or other benefits to public officials to gain advantages in the drafting of laws, decrees, regulations, and other binding government decisions. To what extent have the following practices had a direct impact on this establishment?
Private payments/gifts or other benefits to Government officials to affect the content of government decrees
DOES NOT APPLY
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Sensitive question, no clarification can be offered
ECAq44b. Private payments/gifts/other benefits to Government officials - direct impact