Imagine there are 5 towns, and in each town please imagine some firm which is of similar size as yours. The firm needs to get some permit from the authorities. The situation with informal payments somewhat differs across the towns.
In town #4, it is very difficult to obtain permit without the informal payments. But when you make a payment, the success is guaranteed. Would you say that in this town, corruption is an obstacle to the current operations of the firm? (If yes, to which degree?)
DOES NOT APPLY
Very severe obstacle
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
1) THE FOLLOWING QUESTION IS AIMED AT UNDERSTANDING HOW BUSINESS PERCIEVE THE INFORMAL PAYMENTS
2) SHOW CARD
3) READ OUT