Imagine there are 5 towns, and in each town please imagine some firm which is of similar size as yours. The firm needs to get some permit from the authorities. The situation with informal payments somewhat differs across the towns.
In town #5, the situation in general is the same as in town 4. Besides that, it is know that the upper-level bureaucracy of this town is involved in illegal activities. Would you say that in this town, corruption is an obstacle to the current operations of the firm? (If yes, to which degree?)
DOES NOT APPLY
Very severe obstacle
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
1) THE FOLLOWING QUESTION IS AIMED AT UNDERSTANDING HOW BUSINESS PERCIEVE THE INFORMAL PAYMENTS
2) SHOW CARD
3) READ OUT