The Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) was established by the World Bank to explore ways of improving the type and quality of household data collected by statistical offices in developing countries. The goal is to foster increased use of household data as a basis for policy decisionmaking.
The Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) was initiated in 1980 as a response to a perceived need for policy relevant data that would allow policy makers to move beyond simply measuring rates of unemployment, poverty and health care use, for example, to understanding the determinants of these observed social sector outcomes. The program is designed to assist policy makers in their efforts to identify how policies could be designed and improved to positively affect outcomes in health, education, economic activities, housing and utilities, etc.
This is the first Living Standards Measurement Survey conducted in Kazakhstan.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Public use datasets with direct identifying variables removed
Value labels for varaibles that reflect "other", "specify" open-ended questions became unreadable, probably because they were entered in Cyrillic and got corrupted. Value labels for this kind of variables were replaced with missing values.
The scope of the study includes:
- household roster
- housing conditions
- durable goods
- agriculture and livestock
- food purchases
- home production
- expenditures in last 12 months
- caring for children
- occupation, employment
- time budget
- health, medical care, women's health
Producers and sponsors
State Statistical Committee of Kazakhstan (Goscomstat)
SIGMA Institue Berlin for Statistical Data Analysis
The World Bank
Sample size is 1,996 households
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
State Statistical Committee (Goscomstat) of Kazakhstan
LSMS Data Manager
The World Bank
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
State Statistical Committee of Kazakhstan, SIGMA Institue Berlin for Statistical Data Analysis. Kazakhstan Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS) 1996, Ref. KAZ_1996_LSMS_v01_M_v01_A_PUF. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Data Group
The World Bank
Generation of DDI documentation
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
- Version 02 (June 2015)
Sensitive variables dropped in datasets; series information, citation, disclaimer, scope fields added
- Version 01 (June 2010)