Youth Enterprise With Innovation in Nigeria (YouWiN!) Program Impact Evaluation 2011-2016
The Youth Enterprise With Innovation in Nigeria (YouWiN!) program is a large-scale national business plan competition for young entrepreneurs in Nigeria. The program is a collaboration between Nigeria's Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Communication Technology, and the Ministry of Youth Development with support from Department for International Development (DFID) and the World Bank. The program's objective is to encourage innovation and job creation through the establishment of new businesses and expansion of existing businesses.
The competition attracted almost 24,000 applicants. Random assignment was used to select some of the winners from a pool of semi-finalists, with US$36 million in randomly allocated grant funding providing each winner with an average of US$50,000.
The follow-up surveys targeted 3,139 individuals comprised of four groups who had applied to the first round of the YouWiN! competition. Baseline data was collected in December 2011 - January 2012. Four follow-up surveys were taken, approximately at yearly intervals after individuals had applied for the program. The last, fourth round, was conducted in July - November 2016.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Baseline and four follow-up rounds datasets
This version differs from version 01 in that it includes the following additional data set :
The scope of the study includes:
- Business and business owners characteristics
- Employment in the firm
- Innovation and training
- Business financing
- Business practices
- Participation in government programs
- Businesses which have closed down
- Current work status of non-business owners
- Plans and progress towards starting a new business
Individuals in one of four categories of applicants to the YouWin business plan competition: I) winners in the treatment group; II) control group; III) non-experimental winners; IV) regression-discontinuity sample
Producers and sponsors
World Bank Group
Department for International Development
John Templeton Foundation
World Bank Group
WLSME Trust Fund
Ministry of Communication Technology
Ministry of Youth Development
Ministry of Finance
The follow-up surveys targeted a total of 3,139 individuals comprised of four groups who had applied to the first round of the YouWiN! competition:
- 475 individuals selected as national or zonal winners of the competition, based on having the highest absolute scores on their business plans, or highest scores for their region. These are referred to as the national and zonal winner sample. Note this consists of all national and zonal winners except for the 5 disqualified plans.
- 729 individuals who were selected as ordinary winners of the competition through a random draw among individuals with the next highest scores. These are referred to as the experimental treatment sample. This does include individuals originally allocated to treatment who were subsequently disqualified.
- 1,112 individuals who had similar business plan scores as the ordinary winners, but were not selected in the random draw. These are referred to as the experimental control sample. Note 9 of these actually received treatment.
- 823 individuals who applied for the YouWiN! competition and had first round application scores just on either side of the cut-offs used to select people to attend the 4-day business plan training course. This group is referred to as the regression-discontinuity booster sample.
Random selection of the ordinary winners was designed as follows:
- First, among the semi-finalists, all those with business plan total scores below 30 were dropped, to maintain a minimum standard. This reduced the pool from 1,920 to 1,841 firms.
- Then a two-step stratified randomization was conducted in Stata to choose the ordinary winners.
Field work for all survey rounds was carried out by TNS RMS Nigeria Limited.
The first follow-up survey took place between November 2012 and May 2013. The survey took place approximately one year after individuals had first applied to the program, 8 months or more after the winners had been announced, and an average of 5 to 6 months since the winners received their first tranche payment. Overall 2,323 interviews were completed, representing an overall response rate of 74 percent, with data on whether the business was in operation available for 2,420 individuals.
The second follow-up survey took place between October 2013 and February 2014, approximately two years after application and just as firms had received their last tranche payments. This was an even more intensive effort in data collection, and succeeded in completing 2,712 interviews, and getting information on business ownership and employees for 2,777 individuals (88.5%).
The third survey took place between September 2014 and February 2015. This corresponds to three years after application, and between 12 and 18 months after firms had received their last tranche payment from the program. 2,618 interviews were completed (83.4%) with information on business ownership and employees for 2,661 individuals.
The fourth round was carried out in July - November 2016. With the longer passage of time, more of the target sample had relocated to other states, or out of the country, and some firms were reluctant to participate. The main mode of surveying was face-to-face surveying, which took place at the business for those operating a business, and typically at the household for those without a business. 2,075 firms were interviewed with the full survey using this approach.
A second phase of CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviews) was carried out to collect data for firms which could not be interviewed using the face-to-face method. The survey was shortened for this group to make it possible by phone, with 404 firms interviewed using this method. This resulted in a total of 2,479 firms being interviewed (79.0%). Finally, for individuals who were unable to be interviewed, a final attempt was made to ascertain whether or not they currently operated a business, with 338 individuals providing operating status in this way.
TNS RMS Nigeria
Four rounds of questionnaires attached
World Bank Group
Individually identifying information has been removed
Data is public access for research purposes only, with the standard provision that no attempt should be made to identify individual firms.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download.
David McKenzie, World Bank Group. Youth Enterprise With Innovation in Nigeria (YouWiN!) Program Impact Evaluation 2011-2016, Ref. NGA_2011-2016_YouWiNIE_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [url] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Data Group
World Bank Group
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 02 (July 2019). This version is identical to version 01, except for the sections on Data Description and Documentation which were updated.