The Young Lives survey is an innovative long-term project investigating the changing nature of childhood poverty in four developing countries. The purpose of the project is to improve understanding of the causes and consequences of childhood poverty and examine how policies affect children's well-being, in order to inform the development of future policy and to target child welfare interventions more effectively. The study is being conducted in Ethiopia, India (in Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam. These countries were selected because they reflect a range of cultural, geographical and social contexts and experience differing issues facing the developing world; high debt burden, emergence from conflict, and vulnerability to environmental conditions such as drought and flood.
The Young Lives study aims to track the lives of 12,000 children over a 15-year period, surveyed once every 3-4 years. Round 1 of Young Lives surveyed two groups of children in each country, at 1 year old and 5 years old. Round 2 returned to the same children who were then aged 5 and 12 years old. Round 3 surveyed the same children again at aged 7-8 years and 14-15 years, and Round 4 surveyed them at 12 and 19 years old. Thus the younger children are being tracked from infancy to their mid-teens and the older children through into adulthood, when some will become parents themselves.
The survey consists of three main elements: a child questionnaire, a household questionnaire and a community questionnaire. The household data gathered is similar to other cross-sectional datasets (such as the World Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study). It covers a range of topics such as household composition, livelihood and assets, household expenditure, child health and access to basic services, and education. This is supplemented with additional questions that cover caregiver perceptions, attitudes, and aspirations for their child and the family. Young Lives also collects detailed time-use data for all family members, information about the child's weight and height (and that of caregivers), and tests the children for school outcomes (language comprehension and mathematics). An important element of the survey asks the children about their daily activities, their experiences and attitudes to work and school, their likes and dislikes, how they feel they are treated by other people, and their hopes and aspirations for the future. The community questionnaire provides background information about the social, economic and environmental context of each community. It covers topics such as ethnicity, religion, economic activity and employment, infrastructure and services, political representation and community networks, crime and environmental changes. The Young Lives survey is carried out by teams of local researchers, supported by the Principal Investigator and Data Manager in each country.
Further information about the survey, including publications, can be downloaded from the <a href="http://www.younglives.org.uk/" title="Young Lives">Young Lives</a> website.
School surveys were introduced into Young Lives in 2010 in order to capture detailed information about children's experiences of schooling, and to improve our understanding of:
- the relationships between learning outcomes, and children's home backgrounds, gender, work, schools, teachers and class and school peer-groups.
- school effectiveness, by analysing factors explaining the development of cognitive and non-cognitive skills in school, including value-added analysis of schooling and comparative analysis of school-systems.
- equity issues (including gender) in relation to learning outcomes and the evolution of inequalities within education
The survey allows us to link longitudinal information on household and child characteristics from the household survey with data on the schools attended by the Young Lives children and children's achievements inside and outside the school. It provides policy-relevant information on the relationship between child development (and its determinants) and children's experience of school, including access, quality and progression. This combination of household, child and school-level data over time constitutes the comparative advantage of Young Lives. Findings are all available on our Education theme pages and our publications page.
Further information is available from the Young Lives <a class="external" href="http://www.younglives.org.uk/content/school-survey-0" title="School Survey">School Survey</a> webpages.
University of Oxford. Department of International Development
Department for International Development
Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Multi-stage stratified random sample
The final sample is formed of 3,284 Grade 5 pupils in 176 classes in 92 school sites (both main and satellite sites); 1,138 of these pupils are Young Lives index children.
- School roster
- Class and teacher roster
- Child questionnaire (background information)
- Child Maths test
- Child language test (Vietnamese)
- Teacher questionnaire
- Teacher content knowledge test (Maths)
- Teacher content knowledge test (Vietnamese)
- Head teacher questionnaire
Questionnaires - Wave 2
Child class and peers questionnaire
Child Maths test
Child language test (Vietnamese)
Survey documentation and questionnaires will be provided shortly at http://www.younglives.org.uk/content/vietnam-school-survey
Centre for Analysis and Forecast
Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences
General Statistics Office
Ministry of Planning and Investment
UK Data Service
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Data collection locations
UK Data Service
Original archive where collection stored
UK Data Service
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
Crown copyright held jointly with the Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences and the General Statistical Office, Government of Vietnam. Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland.