Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
LIVELIHOOD reports the predominant livelihood zone within a 5 kilometer circular buffer around each DHS cluster location. Livelihood can be used as an indicator for sources of food and/or income and a measure for people's vulnerability to hazards, such as flood, drought, food crisis, market disruption, or conflicts. LIVELIHOOD is available for a subset of the DHS samples with GPS cluster information.
Livelihood zones are country-specific; therefore, codes and labels for LIVELIHOOD vary across countries. The 6-character codes (e.g., 854001) include the 3-digit country code (e.g., 854), followed by the 3-digit numeric livelihood (e.g., West cotton and cereals) code. Please see the User Note on Using IPUMS-DHS Contextual Variables: Livelihood Zones [URL omitted from DDI.] or the list of livelihood zones' labels and codes, categorized by country [URL omitted from DDI.]. The User Note also discusses the data sources and methodology used to calculate this variable. This variable, like the other IPUMS-DHS contextual variables, is based on sources outside The DHS Program, with values around DHS sample cluster points calculated by IPUMS-DHS staff.