Early Childhood Education and Development Impact Evaluation 2009, Round 1
Indonesia - Early Childhood Education and Development (ECED) Impact Evaluation, 2009
The aim of the trial is to evaluate a community based early education and development program launched by the Department of Non-Formal Education Ministry of National Education. The program was developed in collaboration with the World Bank with a total budget of US$127,000,000 and targets an estimated 738,000 children aged 0 to 6 living in approximately 6,000 poor communities (dusuns). The aim of the program is to increase access to early childhood services with the secondary aim of improving school readiness.
Kind of data
Sample survey data
The survey was conducted on March until April 2009 while in Lombok tengah survey was conducted on June. The World Bank also readministered the survey in Bengkulu on June 2009 and in Sarolangun from October to December 2009.
The first version of the catalog was completed in May 2013. The second version is based on the latest data cleaning for public distribution per January 2014.
Early childhood, education, development, outcomes
Village level (310 villages in 9 of 34 provinces).
Unit of analysis
Heads of villages
Education service provider
The survey included children aged 1 and 4 years in 2009, caregivers, their caregivers, heads of villages, health service providers, and education service providers.
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Education and Culture
Education Cluster, Human Development Sector
Survey and data analysis
Ministry of Education and Culture
Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
The trial was a pragmatic cluster (by village) randomized controlled trial with an additional matched control group. Sampling included 310 villages in the following 9 districts:
1. Bengkulu, Bengkulu Province
2. Sarolangun, Jambi Province
3. Lampung Timur, Lampung Province
4. Majalengka, Jawa Barat Province
5. Rembang, Jawa Tengah Province
6. Kulon Progo, DI Yogyakarta Province
7. Ketapang, Kalimantan Barat Province
8. Sidenreng Rappang, Sulawesi Selatan Province
9. Lombok Tengah, Nusa Tenggara Barat Province
It was planned that batch 1 would receive the first block grants at the start of the project. Block grants for batch 2 and batch 3 were to follow after nine and eighteen months respectively. A selection of villages was randomly allocated to either batch 1 or batch 3 (within each district), this sampling feature was used during the evaluation design.
Of the 310 villages, 100 were originally allocated to the intervention arm, 20 were originally allocated to a nine month delay staggered start, 100 were originally allocated to an 18 month delay staggered start, and 90 villages were allocated to a matched control group (no intervention).
A panel survey cohort methodology, collecting data several times from the same respondent during a specified time, was used. The analysis identifies children based on their age in baseline (2009) which consists of two cohorts: the first cohort consists of children aged 12 to 23 months and the second consists of children aged 48 to 59 months.
Deviations from sample design
In December 2008, the team uncovered that five districts had not complied with the village level randomization. Specifically, this meant that these districts took action to implement the project in an order that was different to what was originally agreed to with MoNE and the World Bank in 2006. The impact evaluation team decided to drop the survey work in the district (Gorontalo). Therefore, the sample of 30 villages that were originally allocated to Gorontalo were replaced by villages in East Lombok and all 60 project villages in East Lombok were included in the study sample.
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
Data collection supervision
The core team routinely did supervision in project districts. They also aimed to evaluate and report the progress of field surveys.
There are six types of questionnaires:
1. Village Head (Book A)
2. Household (Book B)
3. Child (Book C)
4. Caregiver (Book D)
5. Village Midwife (Book E)
6. Posyandu Cadre (Book F)
All questionnaires are provided as external resources.
Field Team Survey
Data entry, double entry, and data cleaning was done by Entry Data Team.
Before being granted access to the datasets, all users have to formally agree:
1) To make no copies of any files or portions of files to which he/she is granted access except those authorized by the data depositor;
2) Not to use any techniques in an attempt to learn the identity of any person, establishment, or sampling unit not identified on public data files;
3) To hold in strictest confidence the identification of any establishment or individual that may inadvertently revealed in any documents or discussion, or analysis. Such inadvertent identification revealed in her/his analysis will be immediately brought to the attention of the data depositor.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- miinimum the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download site
- the name of the datasets, version number and reference number
Indonesia Ministry of Education and Culture, The World Bank. 2009. Early Childhood Education and Development Impact Evaluation 2009 (ECED 2009). Ref. IDN_2009_ECED_v01_M. The World Bank. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.