The Role of Information and Cash Transfers on Early Childhood Development 2013-2014, Evidence from Nepal
Evidence from Nepal
Socio-Economic/Monitoring Survey [hh/sems]
While substantial progress has been made in combating malnutrition at a global level, chronic maternal and child malnutrition remains a serious problem in many parts of the developing world. In this paper, using a randomized control trial design in Nepal, we evaluate a program that provided information on best practices about maternal and child health and nutrition, and cash to families in extremely poor areas with pregnant mothers and/or children below the age of 2. We find significant and sizable impacts of the information plus cash intervention on maternal knowledge, behavior, child development, and nutrition. The size of these impacts along some measures of knowledge and development are significantly different from the information only intervention group suggesting a potential role for providing a short term cash safety net along with information to tackle the problem of malnutrition.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The intervention was implemented in four food insecure districts in Nepal - Sarlahi, Rautahat, Sindhuli, and Ramechaap
Producers and sponsors
The World Bank Group
Mathematica Policy Research
University of California, San Diego
The Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund
Detailed description of the experimental design is available in "The Role of Information and Cash Transfers on Early Childhood Development: Evidence from Nepal", pp4-7
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data Collection Notes
Baseline data collection occurred in August-October 2013, prior to the start of the intervention. One fourth of counties were randomly assigned to be surveyed at midline in August-September 2014, with the remaining three-fourths surveyed at endline in November-December 2014. A total of 4,228 women and 3,695 children under two years old were surveyed at baseline. Of these, 3,152 women and 2,783 children were in the counties surveyed at endline, which will be primarily used in the analysis. After attrition and trimming outliers, the primary sample consists of 2,338 women and 1,953 children.
The baseline, midline, and endline surveys were nearly identical, and each included three separate modules to measure information on the household, the eligible mother, and the eligible infant. The household component of the survey was intended to be answered by either the household head or eligible mother, and measured a household’s composition, assets, annual income, monthly expenditures, and daily food intake. The mother then answered questions about herself and her children, which measured her knowledge of maternal health and nutritional best practices and her actual behaviors with her youngest child while pregnant and breastfeeding. The survey concluded with anthropometric measurements of the child and a measure of cognitive development as measured by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ).
The World Bank Group
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download.
Gayatri Acharya (The World Bank Group), Michael Levere (Mathematica Policy Research), Prashant Bharadwaj (University of California, San Diego). Nepal - The Role of Information and Cash Transfers on Early Childhood Development 2013-2014 (ICTECD 2013-2014). Ref : NPL_2013-2014_ICTECD_v01_M. Downloaded from (url) on (date).
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.