Replication Package: Self-employment and Migration 1991-2018
Egypt, Arab Rep.
There is a widespread policy view that a lack of job opportunities at home is a key reason for migration, accompanied by suggestions of the need to spend more on creating these opportunities so as to reduce migration. Self-employment is widespread in poor countries, and faced with a lack of existing jobs, providing more opportunities for people to start businesses is a key policy option. But empirical evidence to support this idea is slight, and economic theory offers several reasons why the self-employed may in fact be more likely to migrate.
The "Self-employment and Migration", World Development study conducted two sets of analysis: 1) It put together panel surveys from 8 countries to look descriptively at the relationship between self-employment and migration; 2) It re-analyzed 7 randomized experiments that increased self-employment to look at their impacts on migration.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
This version of upload includes the replication package of the 'Self-employment and Migration' study. The data, code and outputs are uploaded in this version. All identifying information has been removed. A readme document is attached with the package upload detailing all contents of the uploaded files.
Producers and sponsors
Dates of Data Collection
- DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS -
All the raw survey datasets used in the descriptive part can be obtained upon registration at the following webpages:
- China Family Panel Study (CFPS) - http://opendata.pku.edu.cn/dataverse/CFPS?language=en
- Egypt, Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) 1998 - http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog/28
- Egypt, Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) 2012 - http://www.erfdataportal.com/index.php/catalog/161
- Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) - https://www.rand.org/well-being/social-and-behavioral-policy/data/FLS/IFLS.html
- India Human Development Survey (IHDS) - https://ihds.umd.edu/
- Tanzania, Kagera Health and Development Survey (KHDS) 1991-1994 (Wave 1 to 4 Panel) - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/359
- Tanzania, Kagera Health and Development Survey (KHDS) 2004 (Wave 5 Panel) - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/79
- Tanzania, Kagera Health and Development Survey (KHDS) 2006 (Wave 6 Panel) - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/2251
- Nigeria, General Household Survey (LSMS-ISA) 2010-2011 (Wave 1 Panel) - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/1002
- Nigeria, General Household Survey (LSMS-ISA) 2012-2013 (Wave 2 Panel) - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/1952
- Nigeria, General Household Survey (LSMS-ISA) 2015-2016 (Wave 3 Panel) - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/2734
- Mexican Family Life Survey (MXFLS) - http://www.ennvih-mxfls.org/english/index.html
- United States, Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) - https://psidonline.isr.umich.edu/
- CAUSAL ANALYSIS -
Most of the data used in the causal analysis part can be obtained by downloading the replication files of the relevant studies. These are available at the following links:
- Northern Uganda Social Action Fund, Youth Opportunities Program (YOP) - https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataset.xhtml;jsessionid=b09da1bd44138069102978fd5c2a?persistentId=doi%3A10.7910/DVN/27898&version=1.0 (NOTE: In addition to the data available from the link, the 9-year follow-up was requested and obtained from the author)
- Enteprises for Ultra Poor Women After War, the WINGS Program in Northern Uganda - https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=doi:10.7910/DVN/QA0R1O
- Sri Lanka, Microenterprise Survey (SLMS) 2005-2010 - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/1243 (NOTE: In addition to the data available from the link, the migration information was requested and obtained from the author)
- Sri Lanka, Impact Evaluation Surveys of Business Training for Women (SIYB) 2009-2011 - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/1553 (NOTE: In addition to the data available from the link, the 6-year follow-up was requested and obtained from the author)
- Ghana, Microenterprise Growth and Flypaper Effect, Randomized Experiment 2008-2010 - https://microdata.worldbank.org/index.php/catalog/2249 (NOTE: In addition to the data available from the link, the introduction section with respondents location for wave of Ghana microenterprises survey was requested and obtained from the author)
- YouWin! - https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.20151404
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Data here are constructed datasets from multiple different panel data surveys and multiple randomized experiments
Derived data, see paper and readme document found under 'Documentation' for sources
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
World Bank. World - Replication Package: Self-employment and Migration (RPSEM) 1991-2018. Ref: WLD_1991-2018_RPSEM_v01_M. Downloaded from [uri] on [date].
Required Citation for Paper:
Giambra, Samuele and David McKenzie (2021) “Self-Employment and Migration”, World Development, 141: article 105362, May 2021.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
The World Bank
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
DDI Document - Version 02 - (04/21/21)
This version is identical to DDI_WLD_1991-2018_RPSEM_v01_M_WB but country field has been updated to capture all the countries covered by survey.
Version 01 (January 2021)