Multi-Tier Framework for Measuring Energy Access 2018
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
The World Bank, with the support of the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), has launched the Global Survey on Energy Access, which relies on the Multi-Tier Framework (MTF) approach. The first phase is being carried out in 17 countries across Latin America, Africa, and Asia. The survey's objective is to provide more nuanced data on energy access, including access to electricity and cooking solutions. The MTF approach goes beyond the traditional binary measurement of energy access-for example, "having or not having" a connection to electricity, and "using or not using" clean fuels in cooking - to capture the multidimensional nature of energy access and the vast range of technologies and sources that can provide energy access, while accounting for the large differences in user experiences. The MTF survey provides detailed household energy data for governments, development partners, the private sector, non-governmental organizations, investors, and service providers.
The World Bank, with the support of the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), has launched the Global Survey on Energy Access, which relies on the Multi-Tier Framework (MTF) approach. The Global Survey on Energy Access using the Multi-Tier Framework approach in Nigeria 2018 has as its primary objectives:
- To measure household access to electricity based on the following seven attributes: capacity, availability, reliability, quality, affordability, formality, and health and safety.
- To measure household access to modern energy cooking solutions based on the following six attributes: cooking exposure, cookstove efficiency, convenience, affordability, health and safety of primary cookstove, and fuel availability.
- To provide detailed household energy data, including data on all energy sources each household uses with details on each MTF attribute; energy-related spending; energy use; user preferences; willingness to pay for grid, off-grid, and cooking solutions; and the satisfaction of customers with their primary energy source, for governments, development partners, the private sector, non-governmental organizations, investors, and service providers.
- To provide disaggregated data by urban or rural location, by economic quintile, and by the gender of the household head.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v01: Anonymous raw dataset for public distribution
This dataset is the rawdata set provided by the survey firm, without any personal information, such as name.
Household characteristics, access to electricity services and specific experiences, willingness to pay for grid or off-grid connection, fuel consumption, cooking equipment, assets, expenditure, time use, health, attitudes, economic shocks.
North-West Geopolitical zone. States of Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Jigawa, Sokoto, and Zamfara
Producers and sponsors
The World Bank
Sample size of 3668. Stratified random sampling, with equal allocation between urban and rural areas and equal allocation between grid-user and non-user households. Nationally representative sample. For details on sampling, please refer to the sampling strategy document.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
TNS RMS Nigeria Limited
The World Bank
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), World Bank. Nigeria - Multi-Tier Framework for Measuring Energy Access Household Survey (MTF) 2018. Ref. NGA_2018_MTF_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [url] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
(c) 2020, The World Bank
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
The World Bank
Documentation of the study
DDI Document version
Version 01 (February 2021)