KAP WASH 2018 in South Sudan's Ajuong Thok and Pamir Camps
Demographic and Health Survey [hh/dhs]
A Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) survey was conducted in Ajuong Thok and Pamir Refugee Camps in November 2018 to determine the current Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) conditions as well as hygiene attitudes and practices within the households (HHs) surveyed. The assessment utilized a systematic random sampling method, and a total of 1,040 HHs (520 HHs in each location) were surveyed using mobile data collection (MDC) within a period of 10 days. Data was cleaned and analyzed in Excel. The summary of the results is presented in this report.
The findings showed that the overall average number of liters of water per person per day was 21, in both Ajuong Thok and Pamir Camps, which was slightly higher than the recommended Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) minimum standard of at least 20 liters of water available per person per day. This is a slight improvement from the 19.5 liters reported the previous year. The average HH size was six people. Women comprised 83.2% of the surveyed respondents and males 16.8%. Almost all the respondents were refugees, constituting 99.6%. The refugees were aware of the key health and hygiene practices, possibly as a result of routine health and hygiene messages delivered to them by Samaritan´s Purse (SP), Africa Humanitarian Action (AHA) and International Rescue Committee (IRC). Most refugees had knowledge about keeping water containers clean, washing hands during critical times, safe excreta disposal and disease prevention.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The survey includes the following topics:
- Household main characteristics
- Sources of drinking and non-drinking water
- Information about water collection
- Hygiene of drinking water
- General hygiene practices
- Hand-washing habits and knowledge
- Defecation habits and latrine types
- Waste disposal
- NFI Distribution
Health and Nutrition
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Domestic Needs/Household Support
Elderly and Disabled
Ajuong Thok and Pamir Refugee Camps
All households in Ajuong Thok and Pamir Refugee Camps
Producers and sponsors
Households were selected using systematic random sampling. Enumerators systematically walked through each row in each block of the camps, in such a way as to give each HH a chance to be selected. For each block, the enumerators began at one corner and went row by row, systematically using the sampling interval (SI) to select HHs. The first HH sampled in each block was determined by selecting a random number between 1 and the SI, (6 in Ajuong Thok and 7 in Pamir). After selecting the first HH, the SI was used to identify the next respondent HH. The female head of the household was the preferred respondent. If she was not available, another adult (over 15 years of age) with knowledge of the HH´s WASH practices was surveyed. If no one qualified to answer the survey, the HH was replaced systematically using the SI.
Sample weights for the household data were computed dividing, for each camp, the population by the sample size
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Mobile Data Collection (MDC) was used to collect the HH data. Apple iPads fitted out with an iFormBuilder software platform were used by enumerators. All questionnaires were written in English, although the interviews were conducted in Arabic, a language widely spoken by the respondents. During training, question translation was mastered to ensure translation consistency among the enumerators. A questionnaire pretest was done to ascertain that the enumerators had understood the questionnaires; any identified issues were addressed.
Data collection occurred over a period of 10 days. Four FGDs were conducted with a total of 28 participants (13 males and 15 males). The collected data was verified on a daily basis prior to data syncing onto the cloud server, and feedback was given to enumerators before beginning data collection the following day. Random spot checks were made on data that was synced and cleaned, to ensure consistency and accuracy before beginning analysis.
The survey questionnaire used to collect the data consists of the following sections:
- NFI Distribution
The data collected was uploaded to a server at the end of each day. IFormBuilder generated a Microsoft (MS) Excel spreadsheet dataset which was then cleaned and analyzed using MS Excel.
Given that SP is currently implementing a WASH program in Ajuong Thok and Pamir, the assessment data collected in these camps will not only serve as the endline for UNHCR 2018 programming but also as the baseline for 2019 programming.
Data was anonymized through decoding and local suppression.
The Curation Team
UNHCR (2018) KAP WASH 2018 in South Sudan's Ajuong Thok and Pamir Camps. UNHCR's Microdata Library: https://microdata.unhcr.org
Archive where study is originally stored
United Nations Refugee Agency Microdata Library
Original Archive Study ID: UNCHR_SSD_2018_WASHKAPv1.0
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1 (April 2021). This version is identical to UNHCR DDI ID: UNCHR_SSD_2018_WASHKAPv1.0 except the following edits were made:
- Minor spelling, grammatical, and formatting corrections
- Specified the archive where study is originally stored