Mask-Wearing, Testing, and Knowledge of COVID-19 in Cox's Bazar, 2020
Demographic and Health Survey [hh/dhs]
The Rohingya population settled in 34 camps in Cox's Bazar district numbers around 860,000 individuals.1 On March 23, 2020, Cox's Bazar saw the first case of COVID-19 in the host community. The first case of COVID19 in the Rohingya population was confirmed on 14 May 2020. At the time of this survey (September 5th - 10th 2020), there were 138 confirmed cases and 8 confirmed deaths from COVID19 in the Rohingya camps.
Community engagement around prevention of COVID19 has been a core activity of the health sector since March and is supported by many other sectors. Activities are carried out by volunteers through door-door messaging and the use of multimedia approaches, key messages were developed by the risk communication group including the need for physical distancing, mask wearing, recognizing symptoms, and testing and treatment.
The assessment was designed to assess the effectiveness of the intense community engagement that has been done among the Rohingya population; whether people were absorbing and developing good knowledge from the communication and information outreach, and whether they were responding (through behavior change) to the information they were receiving.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Version 2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution
The questions were open ended, and answers were not read out to participants. Some questions included options to indicate more than one choice (up to three).
Due to COVID-19, the survey was conducted by phone, limiting thus the participants to those who have a registered phone number.
When analyzing several responses in the survey, several answers to questions would suggest that they were formulated to tell the interviewer 'what they want to hear' or what they imagine is the 'right' reply. While this indicates that respondents have good knowledge of appropriate responses to COVID19, behavior adjustment does require further time.
While some of the survey results around behavior may contradict other knowledge, these survey results should not be discounted or apparent contradictions around attitudes ignored.