Many theories of economic growth stress the role of human capital in the form of education, but empirical studies have been hampered by inadequate data. The authors describe a data set on educational attainment for 120 countries over five- year periods from 1960 to 1985. Census and survey figures fill over 40% of the cells, and the remainder are estimated from school-enrollment data by a perpetual- inventory method. The data refer to male and female attainment of the adult population at four levels: no schooling, primary, secondary, and higher. They also provide a rough breakdown into incomplete and complete attainment at the three levels of schooling.
Kind of data
Aggregate data [agg]
Dataset used for Barro, Robert J. and Jong-Wha Lee, "International Comaprisons of Educational Attainment", NBER Working Paper No. W4349, 1993.
The original dataset has two plain ASCII (text) files: SCHOOL1.RAW, which contains data on schooling of the total population, and SCHOOL2.RAW, which contains the same data for the male and female population. Each file has 664 records (lines) of data, of which each line represents one country in one year. All 108 countries have 6 lines of data (108 x 6 = 648) and the remaining seven countries have 18 records in total. The seven countries, which have incomplete time series data on schooling, are Seychelles (Summers-Heston code 35), Dominica (52), St. Lucia (63), St. Vincent (64), Solomon Islands (135), Vanuatu (137), and Western Samoa (138).
The authors describe a data set on educational attainment for 120 countries over five- year periods from 1960 to 1985.
Producers and sponsors
Robert J. Barro and Jong-Wha Lee
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Robert J. Barro and Jong-Wha Lee. Educational Attainment Data (EAD) 1960-1985. Ref. WLD_EAD_1985_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://microdata.worldbank.org on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.