WASH KAP and Coverage Survey in Refugee Sites – Gambella Region Kule, 2017
Gambella region is one of the nine regional states of Ethiopia, the region is located in the western part of the country and has international boundary with South Sudan. The region total population is approximately 328,271. Following south Sudanese conflict the region hosts 397,455 South Sudanese refugees in seven different refugee camps located in the Gambella regional state.
The aim of this study is to measure the performance of intervention against the project indicator and thereby determine the outcome as a result of project implementation in the community of Kule refugee Camp.
A community based cross sectional quantitative survey was conducted among households of Kule refugee camp from 11-15 December 2017, a total of 384 households were interviewed.
Data was collected by using UNHCR standard questionnaire. The questionnaire contains specific questions that provide answers to measurable indicators under current grants for core performance indicators of the International Rescue Committee (IRC).
Regarding the latrine coverage and utilization, it shows improvement but still some parts of people use open defecation, in particular children. Knowledge of the community towards hand washing is good but during observation of availability of hand washing facilities most households had no specific place for hand washing.
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The survey includes the following topics:
Household main characteristics
Sources of drinking and non-drinking water
Information about water collection
Hygiene of drinking water
General hygiene practices
Hand-washing habits and knowledge
Defecation habits and latrine types
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Kule camp, region of Gambella
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
A community based cross sectional quantitative survey was conducted among households of Tierkidi, Pugnido, Pugnido II, and Kule refugee camps from 11-15 December 2017. Data was collected by using UNHCR standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire contains specific questions that provide answers to measurable indicators under current grants for core IRC performance indicators.
A systematic random sampling method at the camp level was employed.
The basic sampling unit was households and respondents were mainly primary household caregivers. A household in this survey is defined as a group of people who are sharing the same shelter, cooking area or cooking pot. A primary caregiver in this survey is defined as a person who handles the daily chores of the household (preparation of meals, feeding and taking care of children, collection of water, household hygiene etc.).
The data showing the total number of households existing in the camp is obtained from UNHCR and all households in the camp were considered as a sampling frame.
The sampling frame was based on UNHCR population data which is as per Dec. 2017 update. The sample size was calculated assuming 50% prevalence of general WASH indicators with a precision of +/- 5%, 95 confidence limit for a total of 384 households for each camp.
Sample weights for the household data were computed as the inverse of the probability of selection of the household, computed for each camp.
The survey questionnaire used to collect the data consists of the following sections: general information and demographics, water collection and storage, drinking water hygiene, hygiene, sanitation, messaging, distribution, diarrhoea prevalence and health seeking behaviour.
Dates of Data Collection
International Rescue Committee
Data Collection Notes
Fifteen individuals who can speak Nuer and Agnuwa were hired from the Gambella and Pungido area in order to collect the data. They were trained for two days on the survey including the following: becoming familiar with the tablets and survey questionnaire; obtaining consent from beneficiaries; interviewing techniques; data recording; household selection through a systematic random sampling method; learning the duties of data collectors and supervisors. Participants practiced interviewing techniques and data recording through role plays during the training.
The participants organized themselves in two teams; there were two teams and four supervisors. Each team was led by two supervisor.
Refugee leaders and IRC Environmental Health Agents (EHAs) who know the camp and the boundaries of each zone were assigned to each supervisor as a guide to show them the location of the zones and their boundaries.
Data was anonymized through decoding and local suppression.