WASH KAP and Coverage Survey in Refugee Sites – Gambella Region Pugnido I, 2017
Gambella region is one of the nine regional states of Ethiopia, the region is located in the western part of the country and has international boundary with South Sudan. The region total population is approximately 328,271. Following south Sudanese conflict the region hosts 397,455 South Sudanese refugees in seven different refugee camps located in the Gambella regional state.
The aim of this study is to measure the performance of intervention against the project indicators and thereby determine the outcome as a result of project implementation in the community of the Pugnido refugee camp. A community based cross sectional quantitative survey was conducted among households of Pugnido refugee camp from 11-15 December 2017, a total of 384 households were interviewed.
Data was collected by using UNHCR standard questionnaire. The questionnaire contains specific questions that provide answers to measurable indicators under current grants for core performance indicators of the International Rescue Committee (IRC).
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The survey includes the following topics:
- Household main characteristics
- Sources of drinking and non-drinking water
- Information about water collection
- Hygiene of drinking water
- General hygiene practices
- Hand-washing habits and knowledge
- Defecation habits and latrine types
- Waste disposal
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Pugnido camp, region of Gambella
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
A community based cross sectional quantitative survey was conducted among households of Tierkidi, Pugnido, and Pugnido II and Kule refugee camps from 11-15 December 2017. Data was collected by using UNHCR standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire contains specific questions that provide answers to measurable indicators under current grants for core IRC performance indicators.
A systematic random sampling method at the camp level was employed. The basic sampling unit was households and respondents were mainly primary household caregivers.
A household in this survey is defined as a group of people who are sharing the same shelter, cooking area or cooking pot. A primary caregiver in this survey is defined as a person who handles the daily chores of the household (preparation of meals, feeding and taking care of children, collection of water, household hygiene etc.).
The data showing the total number of households existing in the camp is obtained from UNHCR and all households in the camp were considered as a sampling frame.
The sampling frame was based on UNHCR population data which is as per Dec. 2017 update. The sample size was calculated assuming 50% prevalence of general WASH indicators with a precision of +/- 5%, 95 confidence limit for a total of 384 households for each camp.
Sample weights for the household data were computed as the inverse of the probability of selection of the household, computed for each camp.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Fifteen individuals who can speak Nuer and Agnuwa were hired from the Gambella and Pungido area in order to collect the data. They were trained for two days on the survey including the following: becoming familiar with the tablets and survey questionnaire; obtaining consent from beneficiaries; interviewing techniques; data recording; household selection through a systematic random sampling method; learning the duties of data collectors and supervisors. Participants practiced interviewing techniques and data recording through role plays during the training.
The participants organized themselves in two teams; there were two teams and four supervisors. Each team was led by two supervisor.
Refugee leaders and IRC Environmental Health Agents (EHAs) who know the camp and the boundaries of each zone were assigned to each supervisor as a guide to show them the location of the zones and their boundaries.
International Rescue Committee
The survey questionnaire used to collect the data consists of the following sections: general information and demographics, water collection and storage, drinking water hygiene, hygiene, sanitation, messaging, distribution, diarrhoea prevalence and health seeking behaviour.
Data was anonymized through decoding and local suppression.
The Curation Team
Cite this data as follows:
UNHCR (2017) WASH KAP and Coverage Survey in Refugee Sites – Gambella Region Pugnido I,. UNHCR microdata library: https://microdata.unhcr.org
Archive where study is originally stored
United Nations Refugee Agency Microdata Library
Original Archive Study ID: UNHCR_ETH_KAP_2017_GAMBELLA_PUGNIDO_v2.1
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1 (April 2021). This version is identical to UNHCR DDI ID: UNHCR_ETH_KAP_2017_GAMBELLA_PUGNIDO_v2.1, except the following edits were made:
- Minor spelling, grammatical, and formatting corrections
- Specified the archive where study is originally stored