WASH KAP and Coverage Survey in Refugee Sites – Shire Region Hitsats Camp, 2017
Hitsats Refugee Camp is located in the Tigray regional state of Ethiopia, at about 1092 km from the capital, Addis Ababa. The camp population is 10,361 (December, 2017 UNHCR). The camp hosts Eritrean refugees having different ethnic groups where the majorities are Tigrigna and Saho and some minorities of Tigre and Belian.
Hitsats refugee camp was opened in May 2013 and the International Rescue Committee Ethiopia Environmental Health program has been working in the camp since May 5, 2013 with core mandate to provide safe water and sanitation services. The Environmental Health (EH) program is designed with the main objective of preventing mortality and morbidity due to diarrhea and other water borne diseases.
The knowledge, attitude and practice (KPC) survey was conducted in December 2017 to serve as an end line survey for 2017 and as a baseline survey for 2018. 171 households were interviewed.
Objective of the survey was to assess the improvements and gaps in knowledge, practice and coverage of Hitsats refugee community in relation to water, sanitation and hygiene promotion.
In general, the study revealed the gravity of the identified problems, which focuses on latrine, water, hand washing practice, solid waste management and the risk of diarrhea disease.
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The survey includes the following topics:
Household main characteristics
Sources of drinking and non-drinking water
Information about water collection
Hygiene of drinking water
General hygiene practices
Hand-washing habits and knowledge
Defecation habits and latrine types
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Hitsats camp, Shire
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The survey was conducted with a systematic random sampling method in which all of the households in the refugee camp have same chance to be selected. Since the camp is divided into zones, the sample size to be collected per zone was determined using the sample proportional to the population size. The sampling interval of a zone was determined dividing the total number of households in the zone by number of samples to be collected in that zone. The instrument used for data collection was a structured pre-tested questionnaire using an application on smartphone.
Sample weights for the household data were computed dividing, for each zone, the population by the sample size.
The survey questionnaire used to collect the data consists of the following sections: general information and demographics, water collection and storage, drinking water hygiene, hygiene, sanitation, messaging, distribution, diarrhoea prevalence and health seeking behaviour.
Dates of Data Collection
International Rescue Committee
Data Collection Notes
A two-day orientation during December 19-20, 2017 was provided to data collectors and supervisors prior to the data collection. The theoretical training part was covered on the first day and a preparation test was done on the second day of the training. In addition to temporarily hired supervisors, one sanitation and hygiene promotion officer was responsible for the overall survey activities including data collection, data checking, and data uploading.
Data was anonymized through decoding and local suppression.