WASH KAP and Coverage Survey in Refugee Sites – Shire Region May-Aini Camp, 2017
Mai-Aini Refugee Camp is located in the Tigray regional state of Ethiopia, at about 1,170 km from the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa.
The camp population is 13,074 (UNHCR December 2017 population data report). The camp hosts Eritrean refugees. The Mai-Aini refugee camp Environmental Health program was opened in May 2008 with the core mandate of providing safe water, sanitation and hygiene promotion services and to meet the objective of preventing mortality and morbidity due to diarrhea and other WASH-related diseases.
The main objective of this survey was to assess the knowledge, practices and coverage of water, sanitation, and hygiene related interventions. The total sample size was 195 households.
Based on the results of this survey, there are some gaps that must be bridged both on the hardware side (water supply, family latrine construction) and software side (hygiene promotion) to assess the conditions that could cause public health problems.
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The survey includes the following topics:
Household main characteristics
Sources of drinking and non-drinking water
Information about water collection
Hygiene of drinking water
General hygiene practices
Hand-washing habits and knowledge
Defecation habits and latrine types
Water Sanitation Hygiene
May-Aini camp, Shire
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
A cross sectional study design was conducted from Jan 25-27, 2017. This survey was conducted in the population of Mai-Ayni refugee camp which is one of the four Eritrean refugee camps located at a distance of 80 km from zonal town of Shire, at 1170 km from Addis Ababa.
The population was 2,563 households within the sample frame of the camp, and a systematic random sampling technique was applied.
The survey was conducted in all zones of the camp. To get realistic information we primarily targeted household mothers, since they are more responsible for water, sanitation and hygiene activities in the household; if not present, household head was interviewed; if not present, girls or boys greater than 14 years were interviewed. In case of failure to get either of the above interviewees, the interviewer proceeded to the next house which had occupants available for the interview.
Sample weights for the household data were computed dividing, for each zone, the population by the sample size.
The survey questionnaire used to collect the data consists of the following sections: general information and demographics, water collection and storage, drinking water hygiene, hygiene, sanitation, messaging, distribution, diarrhoea prevalence and health seeking behaviour.
Dates of Data Collection
International Rescue Committee
Data Collection Notes
There were three group personnel in the survey: interviewers who had direct contact with interviewee, supervisors who supported and monitored interviewers, and a sanitation officer for overall follow up. A total of 9 persons took part in the survey: 7 interviewers, 1 supervisor and 1 IRC national staff (sanitation officer). Participants of the survey were selected from local community components with knowledge of the local language in order to minimize respondent and interviewer bias and avoid inaccurate posing of questions and recording of responses. One supervisor was assigned to check proper data collection and no household was jumped without reason.
To collect the data correctly it was important to give training for interviewers and supervisor to make them familiar with the aims of the survey and how to conduct the interview. A two-day training was given on December 23-24/2017 and the training was given by a sanitation office. The theoretical part was covered on the first day and the field practice and pilot testing were conducted on the second of the training.
Data was anonymized through decoding and local suppression.