WASH KAP and Coverage Survey in Refugee Sites – Shire Region Shimelba Camp, 2017
Shimelba Refugee Camp is located in the Tigray regional state of Ethiopia, at about 1210 km from Addis Ababa. In the Shimelba refugee camp, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) is currently providing safe drinking water to 5930 refugees (UNHCR December 30, 2017 report). The existing water system consists of three 50m3 capacity concrete reservoirs and 14 water points with six faucets each and seven hand dug wells, meeting UNHCR standards, with the capacity to supply refugees members with more than 20 liters per person per day. There are 1236 family latrines, 4 public solid waste disposal pits for five zones where their usage is controlled by Environmental Health Agents (EHAs) and sanitation facility attendants regularly. In addition, there are also 15 rooms of public showers and 9 cloth washing basins serving the refugee community. IRC hired 45 EH incentive staffs working on sanitation and HP activities and water system, one water technician officer and one sanitation and hygiene promotion officer for the intervention of environmental health program.
The objective of the survey was to assess the current change in knowledge, practice and coverage of Shimelba refugee community in relation to water, sanitation and hygiene. 196 households were interviewed. The study revealed that the majority has good knowledge of at least three critical moments of hand washing, but only few respondents have a permanent functional hand washing facility in their household. This shows that strong behavioral change effort is required to get their knowledge in practice. In general, the identified problems are: high demand of latrine maintenance, privacy of users, availability of hand washing facility, safe water management at home level, hand washing practice, risk of diarrhea disease.
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The survey includes the following topics:
- Household main characteristics
- Sources of drinking and non-drinking water
- Information about water collection
- Hygiene of drinking water
- General hygiene practices
- Hand-washing habits and knowledge
- Defecation habits and latrine types
- Waste disposal
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Shimelba camp, Shire
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The survey was conducted by systematic random sampling method in which all of the households in the refugee camp have same chance to be selected. Since the camp is divided into zones, the sample sizes to be collected per zone was determined using the sample proportional to the population size.
The sampling interval of a zone was determined using total household of the zone divided by number of samples to be collected from that zone. To get relatively realistic information we primarily targeted household mothers, since they are more responsible for water, sanitation, and hygiene activities in the household; if not present, men house heads were interviewed. If not present, girls or boys greater than 14 years were interviewed. In case of failure to get any of the above, the interviewer proceeded to the next house which had occupants available for the interview.
Sample weights for the household data were computed dividing, for each zone, the population by the sample size.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The instrument used for data collection was a structured pre-tested and translated questionnaire. The collected data was entered in ODK (Open Data Kit) using a smartphone. Twelve data collectors and two supervisors were used for data collection and monitoring. Participants were selected from the local community teachers who are with relatively higher level of education.
International Rescue Committee
The survey questionnaire used to collect the data consists of the following sections: general information and demographics, water collection and storage, drinking water hygiene, hygiene, sanitation, messaging, distribution, diarrhoea prevalence and health seeking behaviour.
Data was anonymized through decoding and local suppression.
Cite this data as follows:
UNHCR (2017) WASH KAP and Coverage Survey in Refugee Sites – Shire Region Shimelba Camp. UNHCR microdata library: https://microdata.unhcr.org
The Curation Team
Archive where study is originally stored
United Nations Refugee Agency Microdata Library
Original Archive Study ID: UNHCR_ETH_KAP_2017_SHIRE_SHIMELBA_v2.1
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1 (April 2021). This version is identical to UNHCR DDI ID: UNHCR_ETH_KAP_2017_SHIRE_SHIMELBA_v2.1, except the following edits were made:
- Minor spelling, grammatical, and formatting corrections
- Specified the archive where study is originally stored