Socio-Economic Profiling Survey of Refugees in Kalobeyei 2018
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
UNHCR conducts socio-economic assessments of persons-of-concern (i.e. refugees, asylum seekers, IDPs, etc.) in a variety of countries in order to inform and improve its programming with the goal of promoting self-reliance. While these assessments are not fully standardized and are tailored to their specific country context, the quantitative surveys share strong similarities in their design and objectives, and are therefore considered a survey series for the purpose of microdata documentation/archiving.
Since 1992, Kenya has been a generous host of refugees and asylum seekers, a population which today exceeds 470,000 people. The Kakuma Refugee Camps have long been among the largest hosting sites, and have become even larger in recent years, with an estimated 67 percent of the current refugee population arriving in the past five years. In 2015, UNHCR, the Government of Kenya, and partners established Kalobeyei Settlement, located 40 kilometers north of Kakuma, to reduce the population burden on the other camps and facilitate a shift towards an area-based development model that addresses the longer term prospects of both refugees and the host community. The refugee population makes up a significant share of the local population (an estimated 40 percent at the district level) and economy, engendering both positive and negative impacts on local Kenyans. While Kenya has emerged as a leader in measuring the impacts of forced displacement, refugees are not systematically included in the national household surveys that serve as the primary tools for measuring and monitoring poverty, labor markets and other welfare indicators at a country-wide level. As a result, comparison of poverty and vulnerability between refugees, host communities and nationals remains difficult. Initiated jointly by UNHCR and the World Bank, this survey was designed to address these shortcomings and support the settlement's development framework, as well as the wider global vision laid out by the Global Refugee Compact and the Sustainable Development Goals. Data were collected in November 2018 to January 2019, covering about 6004 households.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household and individual
The survey included a range of socio-economic indicators, both at the household and individual household member levels, aligned with the national 2015/16 Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey (KIHBS) and forthcoming Kenya Continuous Household Survey (KCHS).
Two socio-economic questionnaires were administered - the Basic and the Extended Questionnaires. While all households received the Basic questionnaire, 18.5 percent among them were randomly sampled for the extended questionnaire.
The scope of the questionnaire includes:
- Education (Basic and Extended)
- Employment (Basic and Extended)
- Household Characteristics (Basic and Extended)
- Asset (Basic and Extended)
-Access to Services (Extended)
- Vulnerability, Social Cohesion and Coping (Extended)
- Consumption and Expenditure (Extended)
The consumption and expenditure on food and nonfood were collected using the rapid consumption methodology (See Pape and Mistiaen, 2018 http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/682571525377824199/pdf/WPS8430.pdf for more detailed information on this methodology)
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Housing, Land and Property
Domestic Needs/Household Support
Emergency Shelter and NFI
Access to Energy
Kalobeyei Settlement, Kenya
All refugees living in Kalobeyei Settlement
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The World Bank
The objective of the survey was to cover all refugee households living in Kalobeyei. Data collection occurred concurrently with a UNHCR registration verification exercise. Registration records were updated for all households in the settlement. A systematic random sample was then selected for an extended SEP interview. Those who were not selected for the extended interview were administered a shorter, basic version of the questionnaire. For this survey, a stratified single-stage sample design was applied. The sample was implicitly stratified for the three villages in the settlement. For the Basic SEP, all households in the settlement are selected and the selection probability is 1. For the Extended SEP, a targeted sample size of 1500 households was required to obtain a 15 percent difference in the poverty rates of 2 groups in the sample at a confidence level of 95 percent and a power of 80 percent. To randomly select these households, a straight forward approach was used to select these households from registered proGres families before the exercise. Thus, households that received the extended SEP were randomly determined before the start of the survey using the tablet. The sample of the extended survey alone is representative and therefore sufficient for generating poverty estimates headline indicators for the population as a whole. The total sample size of households was 6,004 of which 1,102 received the extended SEP. The public file includes only those 1,102 sampled for the extended survey.
Deviations from the Sample Design
Both the Basic and the Extended SEP have a household non-response rate of about 2 percent, mainly due to the absence of an adult household member present at the time of the survey.
This data is self-weighting. Nevertheless a uniform weights variable is provided in the data.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data Collection Notes
Data was collected through smartphone-assisted face-to-face interviewing using Kobo software.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
World Bank Group
The following sections are included: household roster, education, employment, household characteristics, assets, access, vulnerabilities, social cohesion, coping mechanism, consumption and expenditure.
The dataset presented here has undergone light checking, cleaning and restructuring (data may still contain errors) as well as anonymization (includes removal of direct identifiers and sensitive variables, recoding and local suppression).
No attempt will be made to identify respondents or microdata providers, and no use will be made of the identity of any person, facility or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to UNHCR, to allow evaluation of further use, apply further statistical disclosure control methods, impose further restrictions on access, or appropriately re-classify the data. No attempt will be made to create links between datasets provided by UNHCR, or between UNHCR data and other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees. UNHCR Kalobeyei Socioeconomic Profiling Survey - Anonymized for Public Use. Geneva: UNHCR (December 2018), Ref. UNHCR_KEN_SEA_2018. Dataset downloaded from https://microdata.unhcr.org on [date].
Archive where study is originally stored
United Nations Refugee Agency Microdata Library
Original Archive Study ID: UNHCR_KEN_SEA_2018_v2.1
Disclaimer and copyrights
UNHCR does not warrant in any way the accuracy of the information and data contained in the datasets and shall not be held liable for any loss caused by reliance on the accuracy or reliability thereof.
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1 (May 2021). This version is identical to UNHCR DDI ID: UNHCR_KEN_SEA_2018_v2.1, except the following edits were made:
- Minor spelling, grammatical, and formatting corrections
- Specified the archive where study is originally stored