Socio-Economic Assessment of Refugees in Tongogara Camp 2017
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
UNHCR conducts socio-economic assessments of persons-of-concern (i.e. refugees, asylum-seekers, IDPs, etc.) in a variety of countries in order to inform and improve its programming with the goal of promoting self-reliance. While these assessments are not fully standardized and are tailored to their specific country context, the quantitative surveys share strong similarities in their design and objectives, and are therefore considered a survey series for the purpose of microdata documentation/archiving.
This assessment was carried out in Zimbabwe's Tongogara Refugee Camp. Its aim was to help UNHCR better understand refugees' and asylum seekers' living conditions and needs, which in turn will inform priority setting, programming and advocacy. The assessment was underpinned by the objectives of the "Graduation Approach" which targets support to the ultra-poor amongst the refugee population. A quantitative survey was conducted among 386 households during October 2017.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household and individual
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The scope of the quantitative data of this socio-economic assessment includes:
- Identification of the household
- Characteristics of the household head
- Dwelling characteristics
- Access to services
- Asset ownership
- Sources of income
- Agricultural production (crop, livestock)
- Non-agricultural business
- Financial services
- Food Consumption Groups
- Coping Strategies
- Media use
- Subjective well-being
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Tongogara Refugee Camp, Zimbabwe
All refugee and asylum-seeker households residing in Zimbabwe's Tongogara Refugee Camp.
UNHCR PPG: 1ZWEA
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The survey's objective was to deliver representative data of all households living in Zimbabwe's Tongogara Refugee Camp. The total population of the camp at the time of the survey was estimated at around 3,200 households.
For this survey, a simple random sample design was applied (i.e. non-stratified, single-stage/non-clustered design). Households were randomly selected from UNHCR's registration database using a random number generator.
The total sample size was 386 refugee/asylum-seeker households.
Deviations from the Sample Design
This dataset is self-weighting. Nevertheless, the dataset contains a uniform weights variable that reflects the overall selection probability of the sample.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Data was collected through computer-assisted face-to-face interviewing (CommCare software). For the successful data collection, 10 (ten) enumerators were recruited and trained for three days. The training also encompassed pilot testing of the tool in the camp. This was then followed by 5 (five) days of mobile data collection using CommCare. Debriefing of the pilot process helped significantly.
All questionnaires are provided in section "external resources".
The questionnaire includes the following sections:
- Demographic information
- Household shelter and services
- Household assets
- Livelihoods and incomes
- Livestock farming
- Food sources and consumption
- Coping strategies
- Media/internet use
- Subjective assessment of well-being
The dataset presented here has undergone light checking, cleaning and restructuring (data may still contain errors) as well as anonymization (includes removal of direct identifiers and sensitive variables, and grouping values of select variables).
No attempt will be made to identify respondents or microdata providers, and no use will be made of the identity of any person, facility or establishment discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to UNHCR, to allow evaluation of further use, apply further statistical disclosure control methods, impose further restrictions on access, or appropriately re-classify the data. No attempt will be made to create links between datasets provided by UNHCR, or between UNHCR data and other datasets that could identify individuals or organizations.
Cite this data as follows:
UNHCR (2017) Socio-economic assessment of refugees in Zimbabwe's Tongogara camp 2017. Ref. UNHCR-ZWE-2017-SEA. UNHCR microdata library: https://microdata.unhcr.org
Archive where study is originally stored
United Nations Refugee Agency Microdata Library
Original Archive Study ID: UNHCR_ZWE_SEA_2017_v2.1
Disclaimer and copyrights
UNHCR does not warrant in any way the accuracy of the information and data contained in the datasets and shall not be held liable for any loss caused by reliance on the accuracy or reliability thereof.
DDI Document ID
Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees
Collection and documentation of records
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1 (May 2021). This version is identical to UNHCR DDI ID: UNHCR_ZWE_SEA_2017_v2.1, except the following edits were made:
- Minor spelling, grammatical, and formatting corrections
- Specified the archive where study is originally stored
- Description of external documents altered to reflect the document titles