The following questions are specially designed to measure various ways in which parents discipline their children. These questions are not intended to cover ALL ways that parents use to discipline children, but do cover some of the more common methods. It is important that you ask each question in a neutral way - do not let your voice reflect approval or disapproval of the various discipline methods mentioned. First, start with the introductory sentence in CD12. --- Ask the selected child's mother or primary caretaker the questions in the Child Discipline module, beginning with CD12A. It is important to mention that we are interested in knowing only about what may have occurred during the past month - the 30 days preceding the survey. When asking the questions, remind the respondent, from time to time, that you are asking about the last 30 days or one month, and that you are interested if she/he or anyone else has used this method with the child. Circle '1' for 'Yes' and '2' for 'No' in all questions up to CD12K. --- Spanking a child on the bottom with a bare hand is a form of physical punishment used by some parents/caretakers.