If a donor gives aid for a project that the recipient government would have undertaken anyway, then the aid is financing some expenditure other than the intended project. The notion that aid in this sense may be "fungible," while long recognized, has recently been receiving some empirical support. The paper "What Does Aid to Africa Finance?" focuses on Sub-Saharan Africa—the region with the largest GDP share of aid—and presents results that indicate that aid may be partially fungible, and suggests some reasons why.
This database contains data used for the analysis.
Kind of Data
Aggregate data [agg]
The dataset includes the following:
- Infant mortality
- Primary and secondary school enrollment
- GDP per capita
- Concessionary loans
- Government expenditure
The database includes data from Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Nigeria, Sudan, Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Producers and sponsors
Shantayanan Devarajan, Andrew Sunil Rajkumar and Vinaya Swaroop
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Development Research Group
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Shantayanan Devarajan et al., World Bank.What Does Aid to Africa Finance? (WDAAF) 1970-1996. Ref. AFR_1996_WDAAF_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://microdata.worldbank.org on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
DDI Document - Version 02 - (04/27/21)
This version is identical to DDI_AFR_1996_WDAAF_v01_M but country field has been updated to capture all the countries covered by survey.
Version 01 (September 2010)