Impact Evaluation - Engaging Men Through Accountable Practice. Baseline Survey 2021
Congo, Dem. Rep.
The study objective was to understand the effectiveness of Engaging Men through Accountable Practice (EMAP), a men-only group-based discussion series which sought to transform gender relations in communities, on intimate partner violence (IPV), gender inequitable attitudes and related outcomes.
A two-armed, matched-pair, cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted between 2016 and 2018 in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Adult men (n=1387) and their female partners (n=1220) participated in the study. The primary outcomes of the study were female report of past year physical and/ or sexual IPV and men’s intention to commit violence. Secondary outcomes included men’s gender attitudes, women’s economic and emotional IPV, women’s perception of negative male behaviors and perceived quality of the relationship.
Men in EMAP reported significant reductions in intention to commit violence (ß=-0.76; SE=0.23; p<0.01), decreased agreement with any reason that justifies wife beating (OR=0.59; SE=0.08; p<0.01) and increased agreement with the ability of a woman to refuse sex for all reasons (OR=1.47; SE=0.24; p<0.05), compared with men in the control group. We found no statistically significant differences in women’s experiences of IPV between treatment and control group at follow-up (physical or sexual IPV: adjusted OR=0.95; SE=0.14; p=0.71). However, female partners of men in EMAP reported significant improvements to the quality of relationship (ß=0.28; p<0.05) and significant reductions in negative male behavior (ß=-0.32; p<0.01).
Interventions engaging men have the potential to change gender attitudes and behaviors in conflict-affected areas. However, while EMAP led to changes in gender attitudes and behaviors related to perpetration of IPV, the study showed no overall reduction of women’s experience of IPV. Further research is needed to understand how working with men may lead to long- term and meaningful changes in IPV and related gender equitable attitudes and behaviors in conflict areas.
Unit of Analysis
Edited, anonymized dataset for public distribution.
The survey covered the following topics:
Section A. Informations liées à l’enquête
Section B. Consentement
Section C. Présentation du ménage
Section D. Logement et biens du ménage
Section E. Revenus, activités et épargne
Section F. Prise de décision et négociations du pouvoir au sein du ménage
Section G. Normes sociales et place de la femme
Section H. Bien-être émotionnel
Section I. Qualité des relations au sein du couple
Section J. Intention de commettre des violences (partie auto-administrée)
Section K. Expérience de conflit
Section L. Violences conjugales
Section M. Fécondité et reproduction
Section N. Groupes présents dans votre communauté
Section O. Chocs
Section O. Conclusion
Section P. Vous souhaitez participer aux Groupes de discussion des hommes
Section Q. Conclusion
The study sample covers 28 communities across North and South Kivu provinces, DRC.
Producers and sponsors
The World Bank
The World Bank
International Rescue Committee
The World Bank Group
A two-armed, matched-pair, cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted between 2016 and 2018 in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Adult men (n=1387) and their female partners (n=1220) participated in the study. Sites were elected based on where IRC’s women’s empowerment programming was operational and were subsequently matched based on sociodemographic characteristics. Within each pair of villages, one site was randomized to either treatment or control arms.
Deviations from the Sample Design
Due to security concerns and ongoing armed clashes, baseline data collection was halted in one treatment and one control site in North Kivu (belonging to the same pair), resulting in a final sample of 28 communities (14 control and 14 treatment).
Questionnaires are available for download in French.
Dates of Data Collection
Mode of data collection
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Brittany Nicole Hill
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
the Identification of the Primary Investigator
the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
the survey reference number
the source and date of download
Julia Vaillant (The World Bank), Estelle Koussoube (The World Bank), Kate Falb (International Rescue Committee). Impact Evaluation - Engaging Men Through Accountable Practice. Baseline Survey 2021 (EMAP-BL 2021). Ref: COD_2016_EMAPIE-BL_v01_M. Downloaded from [uri] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.