To strengthen and promote an evidence-based protection response, UNHCR and its partners have been implementing a protection monitoring exercise since May 2022 to regularly collect and analyze data about the profiles, needs and intentions of refugees from Ukraine and monitor changes over time. The exercise covers the following countries that have received refugees from Ukraine: Belarus, Bulgaria, Hungary, Republic of Moldova (5,035), Poland, Romania and Slovakia.
The protection monitoring involves household-level interviews conducted at border crossing points, reception and transit centres, collective sites, and assistance points in major cities using a structured questionnaire. Trained enumerators from UNHCR and partners collect data in face-to-face interviews. While respondents are randomly selected to reduce bias, the sample is considered a non-probability sample and results should be considered indicative, meaning they cannot be extrapolated to the population of refugees from Ukraine. The result reflects the refugees' situation and intentions at the time of data collection.
This dataset includes 4,517 household interviews conducted in Romania between May and September 2022. It is an anonymous version of the original data collected and used for the primary analysis.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Version 2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data.
The scope of the protection monitoring includes:
- household demographics
- refugee origin and movement
- specific vulnerabilities
- return intentions and concerns
- information needs
- communication channels
Refugees from Ukraine
Producers and sponsors
UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR)
Households were randomly sampled at border crossing points, reception and transit centres, collective sites, and assistance points in major cities. While households were randomly sampled, the sample is considered non-probability.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
UN Refugee Agency
Structured questionnaire implemented using UNHCR's mobile data collection tool, Kobo Toolbox
UNHCR Global Data Service Statistics and Demographics Section
Version 01 (December 2022): This metadata was downloaded from the UNHCR catalog (https://microdata.unhcr.org/index.php/home) and it is identical to UNHCR version (UNHCR_ROU_2022_05_09_protmon_v2.1). The following two metadata fields were edited - Document ID and Survey ID.