Post-Russian Invasion Survey of Smallholder Farmers 2022
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
Beyond causing immediate hardship and triggering a large exodus of displaced people, Russia’s military invasion of Ukraine and the blockade of its Black Sea export routes have also led to sharp increases in grain prices and raised concern about global food security. To provide information to the government for developing policies and programs to support the agricultural sector in Ukraine, the World Bank launched a nationwide survey of post-invasion farmers in cooperation with the Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food (MAPF), with financial support from the EU, in areas controlled by Ukraine from October to December of 2022. The survey objective is to obtain information on changes in welfare, production, and productivity in the small and medium farm sector between 2021 and 2022 and to identify ways on how farmers could be most effectively supported. Data was collected via phone by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) under the monitoring of World Bank research team.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Version 01: Edited, anonymized dataset for public distribution
The scope of the survey includes the following topics:
- Household roster
- Agricultural production
- Property and finance
Producers and sponsors
Daniel Ayalew Ali
Funded the study
The World Bank
Funded the study
The frame consisted of 63,374 registered farms. The distribution of farms by size and program participation shows that most of the farms are small (85%) with farm size less than 50 ha (35,264 PSG non-applicants vs. 18,605 PSG applicants) followed by farms with 50-120 ha (7.5% with 1,634 PSG non-applicants and 3,107 PSG applicants) and farms that are not eligible for PSG participation with size greater than 120 ha (7.5% with 2,743 less than 500 ha and 2,021 greater than 500 ha).
The expected sample size for the phone survey was 2,500 farms with 10% each in the small size category from PSG applicants and non-applicants, 20% each in the farm category of 50-120 ha from PSG applicants and non-applicants, 20% from the farm size category of 120-500 ha and 20% from the farm size category of greater than 500 ha. Given the expected high non-response rate of phone interviews, all the farms with size greater than 50 ha were included in the sample and then 1,125 and 1,126 farms were randomly selected from PSG non-participants and participants in the less than 50 ha category. The final response rate was about 20% with the lowest in the greater than 500 ha category (15%) and the highest in the 50-120 ha PSG non-applicant category (28%). The survey initially targets 2, 500 farms, and eventually collected data for 2, 251 farms.
The overall and cooperation response rates were 21.3% and 37.3% respectively.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Telephone Interview [cati]
Data Collection Notes
Data have been collected through phone interviews. Interviewers from KIIS’ central and regional teams have been involved in data collection (total of 45). Three supervisors led by the fieldwork director controlled interviewers’ work.
All interviewers who conduct quantitative interviews in the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) surveys have passed general training and acquired knowledge and skills in conducting interviews and converting refusals (16 hours). In this study, the fieldwork director conducted additional distant online training for interviewers. Taking into account the length of the fieldwork, video-recorded training was posted on the internet for interviewers to refresh their knowledge. Also, online chat has been established where interviewers could ask questions or share challenging situations, and project or fieldwork managers consulted them.
An official letter has been prepared from KIIS’ management and was emailed to the potential respondents who had questions or doubts about the survey.
At least three call-backs have been made to the respondents who could not be reached. Each interview was conducted by a trained interviewer in one of two languages – Russian or Ukrainian, up to the respondent's choice.
The fieldwork stage of the survey began on October 24, 2022, and was finished on January 16, 2023.
Kyiv International Institute of Sociology
The survey questionnaire comprised four sections namely:
• Screener & Background
• Household Roster
• Agricultural Production
• Property and Finance
Data have been collected electronically. Survey logic has been incorporated into the instrument. After data collection, mainly general data completeness and outliers have been checked. Also, all text responses to open-ended questions have been analyzed and coded if necessary.
The final data file contains data from 2,251 interviews. It was provided to the World Bank team in SPSS formats.
Daniel Ali Ayalew
The World Bank
The data used in this study was produced by the World Bank EU project "Supporting Transplant Land Governance in Ukraine" with funding support from the European Commission (ENI/2017/387-093 and ENI/2020/418-654).
The World Bank
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.