Study of Competitiveness, Technology & Firm Linkages 2002
This study is a two-stage survey that the World Bank conducted with the Enterprise Survey Organization of the Chinese National Bureau of Statistics. The first stage of the survey, carried out in 2001, covered 300 firms in each of five cities—Beijing, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Tianjin—for a total of 1500 firms. The survey collected detailed information on different aspects of corporate governance, financing, firm-government relations, innovation, technology, and labor. Most quantitative questions covered the period 1997–2000; most qualitative questions covered only the time of the survey.
The second stage of the survey, conducted in 2001–2002, covered the same set of firms, though a small percentage had disappeared since the first survey. The questionnaire covered investment climate constraints on the establishment, infrastructure and services, finance, labor relations, sales and supplies, business-government relations, conflict resolution and the legal environment, crime, capacity, innovation, and learning.
Firm-level surveys have been conducted since 1998 by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit (FPDEA), which implements Enterprise Surveys across all geographic regions.
Kind of data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
Chinese National Bureau of Statistics
The sample consists of both manufacturing and service firms. The industries covered include electronic components, autos and auto parts, clothing and leather products, electronic and communication equipment, household electrical goods, information technology services , accounting, auditing, and nonbank financial services, business logistics services, advertising and marketing services, and communication services. Within the sample, firms vary substantially by size and by type of ownership. The samples were randomly chosen given a predetermined distribution by city and broad industry and size strata.
An important caveat: the survey covers the five major cities of Beijing, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Tianjin, so the results should be interpreted as showing information about the investment climate only in these cities.
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
The current survey instrument is available:
- Study of Competitiveness, Technology & Firm Linkages Questionnaire (Second stage, 2001-2002) and Productivity and the Investment Climate Private Enterprise Survey Questionnaire (First stage, 2001)
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Firm-level data is available to the public free-of-charge. In order to access the data, users must agree to abide by a strict confidentiality agreement available through Enterprise Analysis Unit website by clicking on "External users register here" at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Portal
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.