Productivity of the Investment Climate Private Enterprise Survey 2007
Enterprise Survey [en/oth]
The Productivity of the Investment Climate Private Enterprise Surveys (PICS) were conducted by the World Bank and its partners across all geographic regions and covered firms of all sizes in many industries. The PICS collected a wide array of qualitative and quantitative information through face-to-face interviews with managers and owners regarding the investment climate in their country and the productivity of their firms. Topics covered in the PICS included the obstacles to doing business, infrastructure, finance, labor, corruption and regulation, contract enforcement, law and order, innovation and technology, and firm productivity. Taken together, the qualitative and quantitative data helped connect a country's investment climate characteristics with firm productivity and performance.
Malaysia Productivity of the Investment Climate Private Enterprise Survey (PICS) 2007 was a collaborative effort of the Malaysian Government and the World Bank. The research covered 1115 businesses working in manufacturing sector and 303 enterprises in services sector.
The study aimed to achieve the following objectives:
- Benchmark productivity, the investment climate, competitiveness, and growth in Malaysia;
- Identify the key constraints to competitiveness as perceived by firms in the manufacturing and selected business support services sectors;
- Highlight the key concerns regarding regulatory burden, skills shortages and weak innovation capabilities;
- Enable the analysis of firm performance focusing on determining how investment climate constraints affect productivity and job creation in selected sectors.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
Economic Planning Unit and Department of Statistics, Prime Minister's Department, Malaysia
The survey covered establishments in the manufacturing and business support services sectors. For manufacturing industries, the economic activities were defined according to Divisions under the Malaysia Standard Industrial Classification (MSIC) 2000 (2-digit codes), which is identical to the United Nations Statistical Division's International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC Rev. 3) up to the 4-digit level. In Malaysia PICS 2007, 12 manufacturing industries and 5 business support services sectors were surveyed.
The sampling frame was extracted from the Central Register of Establishments (SIDAP) maintained by the Department of Statistics, Malaysia. The register was updated using information supplied by the Companies Commission of Malaysia (CCM), Employees Provident Fund (EPF), the 2006 Economic Census data, and several regular surveys or censuses conducted by the Department of Statistics, Malaysia (DOSM).
For the manufacturing sector, only establishments with more than 10 employees were covered. For the business support services sector, two employment thresholds were used. Only establishments with more than 10 employees were covered for Information Technology, Telecommunications, and Advertising & Marketing, while only establishments with more than 20 employees were covered for Accounting & Related Services and Business Logistics.
Single-stage stratified systematic sampling was used in drawing samples. The sampling frame was stratified by sector, region, state, and industry. To select the sample, for each sector, establishments within each industry, region and area combination were arranged according to the value of output. Selection was then carried out independently for each sub-stratum based on a linear systematic method.
Malaysia PICS 2007 covered 6 regions: 4 regions in Peninsular Malaysia and 2 regions in East Malaysia. Within each of the six regions, states and areas to be covered were selected based on the concentration of establishments.
For details on the sampling coverage, sampling methodology and sampling frame, please review "Sampling Methodology of Malaysia PICS 2007" and "Sample Coverage and Distribution of Malaysia PICS 2007" in "Technical Documents" folder.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The following survey instruments are available:
- Manufacturing Sector Questionnaire, Part I (to be administered to Chief Executive Officers (CEO), general managers or business owners)
- Manufacturing Sector Questionnaire, Part II-A (to be administered to the accountant of the business)
- Manufacturing Sector Questionnaire, Part II-B (to be administered to the Personnel Manager/CAO)
- Business Supporting Servicers Questionnaire, Part I (to be administered to Chief Executive Officers (CEO), general managers or business owners)
- Business Supporting Servicers Questionnaire, Part II-A (to be administered to the accountant of the business)
- Business Supporting Servicers Questionnaire, Part II-B (To be administered to the Personnel Manager/HR Manager)
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Firm-level data is available to the public free-of-charge. In order to access the data, users must agree to abide by a strict confidentiality agreement available through Enterprise Analysis Unit website by clicking on "External users register here" at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Portal
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.