The Investment Climate Surveys (ICS) were conducted by the World Bank and its partners across all geographic regions and covered firms of all sizes in many industries. The ICS collected a wide array of qualitative and quantitative information through face-to-face interviews with managers and owners regarding the investment climate in their country and the productivity of their firms.
Firm-level surveys have been carried out since 1998 by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit (FPDEA). Enterprise Surveys, a replacement for Investment Climate Surveys, are now conducted by the Enterprise Analysis Unit.
This research is part of India 2006 Investment Climate Survey initiative that focused on enterprises in the manufacturing, retail, micro (informal), and software/information technology sectors. A separate survey was conducted for each sector.
The Investment Climate Surveys (ICS) collected information on the investment climate constraints the sectors faced, such as infrastructure, access to land, relationship with the court system, crime, government administration, use of financial services, and labor force. In addition, the surveys collected basic information on the firms, such as ownership structure, number of years of operations, and revenues and costs. The data and results from the ICS were intended to help develop policy reforms that would further promote growth and productivity of firms in India.
The India 2006 Retail Investment Climate Survey covered 1948 stores in 41 cities across India. The research targeted fast moving consumer goods stores (FMCG) (1244 businesses), modern format stores (189 firms), as well as consumer durable stores (515 establishments).
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
The sampling frame for the Retail Investment Climate Survey 2006 was the list of retail stores regularly interviewed by AC Nielsen for inventory verification on behalf of distributors of branded goods. This list covered fast moving consumer goods stores (FMCG) and modern format stores in 41 cities across India. FMCG stores included grocers, general stores, chemists, food stores, and cosmetic stores; most were small family businesses. Modern format stores included outlets in the organized sector, such as Pantaloon and Reliance.
The following cities were covered by the survey: Greater Mumbai; Kolkata; Delhi; Chennai; Hyderabad; Bangalore; Ahmadabad; Pune; Surat; Kanpur; Jaipur; Luckow; Nagpur; Patna; Indore; Vadodara; Coimbatore; Bhopal; Ludhiana; Kochi; Visakhapatnam; Madurai; Nashik; Jamshedpur; Dhanbad; Faridabad; Vijayawada; Ghaziabad; Kozhikode; Gwalior; Chandigarh; Mysore; Hubli-Dharwad; Jalandhar; Kota; Bhubaneswar; Cuttack; Mangalore; Guntur; Noida; and Gurgaon.
The sample was stratified according to segment-specific criteria. FMCG stores were stratified based on turnover, number of salesmen, number of FMCG products, and presence of cooling equipment. Consumer durables and modern format stores were stratified based on turnover; high-end modern format stores were instead completely enumerated.
The sample size was determined so as to minimize the standard error in the sample variables, given the available resources for each surveying stratum. Once the sample size was determined, the sample was allocated to strata using Neymann's allocation rule.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The current survey instrument is available:
- Retail Investment Climate Survey Questionnaire.
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Firm-level data is available to the public free-of-charge. In order to access the data, users must agree to abide by a strict confidentiality agreement available through Enterprise Analysis Unit website by clicking on "External users register here" at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Portal
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group www.enterprisesurveys.org"