In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The Bosnia and Herzegovina Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2000 (B&H MICS 2000) is a nationally representative survey of households, women and children (aged 0 – 18 years). The main objectives of the survey were to provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Bosnia and Herzegovina at the end of the decade, and to furnish the data needed for monitoring progress toward the goals established at the World Summit for Children and as a basis for future action. Data on breast-feeding and salt iodination are available from previous UNICEF supported surveys. 1-4 Data on the remaining End of Decade Goals are available from other sources and are presented in the Bosnia and Herzegovina End of Decade Report. The B&H MICS 2000 survey covered the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina minus the district of Brèko. This was omitted for sampling and organisational reasons. The survey was carried out in mid 2000 in a joint process with input from two entity field teams, from the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. State level and entity level data are presented in this report. The survey sampled 10 772 households across the territory with a very high response rate of 98 percent. A total of 35 571 people lived in the households that responded, making this the largest such survey conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the past ten years. The level of completion of the questionnaires was very high, and the data was subjected to multiple quality checks at all stages of the survey.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household, Women, Children
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
The scope of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2 included the following sections and topics:
- HOUSEHOLD: Household characteristics, Household listing, Education, Child labor, Water and Sanitation
- WOMEN: Women's characteristics, Child mortality, Maternal and Newborn health, Contraception, and HIV/AIDS knowledge
- CHILDREN: Birth registration and Early learning, Care of illness, Immunization, Anthropometry
The B&H MICS 2000 survey covered the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina minus the district of Brèko. This was omitted for sampling and organisational reasons.
Producers and sponsors
Federation Public Health Institute
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
United Nations Children's Fund
Design of Survey and Technical Support
United Nations Children's Fund
Department for International Development
The sample for the survey was designed to provide estimates of the indicators at the national level, for urban and rural areas, and for the two entities - the Federation ofBosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. The district of Brèko in the North East corner of the State was not included in the survey, due to organisational and statistical sampling difficulties. Developing a sampling frame was perhaps the single biggest challenge in this survey. The most recent complete census data were from 1991. Subsequently, there had been widespread conflict and massive population movements both within and from the state. A two stage sampling method was used and this is explained in detail in Appendix C of the final report.
The geographical area of Bosnia and Herzegovina (with the exception of Brèko district) was selected. The enumeration areas from the 1991 census were taken as the basis for developing the sampling frame. This was updated in the Federation using three additional sources of information, the OSCE voter lists, population estimates from UNHCR and municipality registration data. Additionally, the sampling frame was adjusted in RS using the results of a 1997 census of refugees and displaced people. The entire geographical area of the survey was then divided into segments using probability proportional to size at the municipality level. Each segment covered approximately 110 households. The segments were then randomly selected and an additional number of alternate segments were identified so that in the case of a segment being unusable (empty, mined etc.) an alternate segment could be assigned.
The fieldwork teams then went to their allocated segments and made a listing of all households in each segment. From these, the fieldwork supervisors with assistance from the entity statistical institutes updated the old maps if necessary, and in some cases made new maps. Where segments were empty of households, had fewer than 80 households or were heavily mined, they were excluded and an alternate segment selected from the reserve list. Adjustments to the sampling plan are described in detail in Appendix C of the final report.
The survey sampled 10 772 households across the territory with a very high response rate of 98 percent. A total of 35 571 people lived in the households that responded, making this the largest such survey conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the past ten years. The level of completion of the questionnaires was very high, and the data was subjected to multiple quality checks at all stages of the survey.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
In the Federation 10 teams collected the data, each comprising four interviewers, one driver and a supervisor. In RS, there were 10 teams, each comprising four or five interviewers, a driver and a supervisor. In each entity, a fieldwork co-ordinator provided overall supervision. The field interviewers in each entity were trained for five days and the field supervisors received additional training. The fieldwork began in July 2000 and concluded in September 2000. The survey took place during the school holidays and during a period of very high day time temperatures (up to forty degrees centigrade). Fieldwork quality was maintained as follows: 10 percent of households were re-interviewed by field supervisors; UNICEF conducted field checks on a number of households; and questionnaires were checked by the fieldwork co-ordinator to ensure completeness of data and those with missing or absent data returned for checking. Workshops were organised in each entity using locally modified and translated UNICEF training materials to train data entry staff. Data were entered on seven microcomputers in the Federation and four in Republika Srpska using the ISSA programme (Integrated System for Survey Analysis) and data was analysed using SPSS. In the Federation, seven data entry staff were employed and in the RS four. All questionnaires were doubleentered and internal consistency checks were performed. Data processing began in August 2000 and finished in October 2000. The procedures and standard programmes developed by UNICEF and adapted to the Bosnia and Herzegovina questionnaires were used throughout. The survey was managed using staged contracts, with payment from UNICEF based on meeting agreed quality indicators for all outputs (design, training, fieldwork, data entry, reports, data sets,
The three questionnaires (household, women aged 15 - 49 and children under the age of five) for the B&H MICS 2000 were based on the MICS Model questionnaires with minor modifications and additions. A household questionnaire was administered in each household, which collected information on household members including sex, age, literacy, marital status and orphanhood status. The household questionnaire also included education, child labour and water and sanitation modules. The questionnaire for women contained the following modules:
· Child mortality
· Maternal and new-born health
· Contraceptive use
The questionnaire for children under the age of five was administered to the mother or carer of the child and included modules on:
· Birth registration and early learning
· Care during illness
The MICS Model Questionnaires were translated from English into Bosnian/Croatian (Roman script) and Serbian (Cyrillic script). The questionnaires were then pre-tested in 100 households in each entity during June 2000. Based on the results of these pre-tests, modifications were made to the wording and translation of the questionnaires. For the full questionnaires, see Appendix D of the report which is provided as External Resources.
Of the 10 772 households selected for the survey sample, 10 742 were found to be occupied (Table 1). Of these, 10 546 were successfully interviewed to give a household response rate of 98 percent. The response rate was slightly higher in rural areas (99 %) than in urban areas (97%). In the interviewed households, 8 912 eligible women aged 15-49 years were identified. Of these, 8 726 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 98 percent. In addition, 2 642 children under the age of five years were listed in the household questionnaire.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Federation Public Health Institute, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ministry of Health, Republika Srpska and UNICEF. Household Survey of Women and Children (MICS) 2000. Ref. BIH_2000_MICS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://www.childinfo.org on [date].
United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1.0 - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library