In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Guinea-Bissau Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women, and children. The main objectives of the survey are to provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Guinea-Bissau at the end of the decade and to furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and as a basis for future action. MICS in Guinea-Bissau represents a mayor effort to provide updated information on social sectors after the war, which broke out in June 1998. It is also the mayor survey undertaken in the country after the Household Survey undertaken in 1991 and the MICS of 1996 whose results were not made available officially. MICS 2000 also represents a mayor effort to cover new areas related to the Convention of the Rights of Children, for which no information was available in the country. This is a first report on a number of indicators to compare the actual situation with the documentation prepared at the beginning of the decade. More in depth analysis of MICS information is planned next year to fully utilise MICS information through specialised studies.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households, Women, Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
Producers and sponsors
National Institute of Statistics and Census
Secretary State of Planning
United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
The sample for the Guinea-Bissau Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates of health, education and child protection indicators, food production and consumption and accessibility to services at the national level, for urban and rural areas, and for eight regions (Gabu, Quinara, Tombali, Biombo, Cacheu, Oio, Bafata, Bolama) and the Autonomous Sector of Bissau. The sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage, and based on the results of 1991 National Census Survey, the 1.232 districts were selected ( for MICS-2000 were selected 310 districts.) The cartography used for MICS was the same as of Population Census in 1991. In each district (cluster) households were selected randomly thus obtaining a sample size of 4.571 households. In each selected district the ‘’tabancas’’ (villages) were identified. The identification of ‘’tabancas’’ was also verified vis a vis the ‘’tabancas’’ of the electoral census of October 1999.
Of the 4 .571 households selected for the sample, 4.532 were found to be occupied. Of these, 4.372 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 99.6 percent.. In the interviewed households, 9.772 eligible women (age 12-49) were identified. Of these, 7.976 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 81.1 percent. In addition, 6.314 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Questionnaires were completed for 5.856 children for a response rate of 92.7 percent.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Field staff was trained for six days in early April 2000. The data was collected by five teams: 42 interviewers (21 females, 21 males), 5 supervisors, 6 data control assistants using 8 vehicles. The MICS Coordinator provided overall supervision. Field work began in 10 of April 2000 and concluded in 25 of May 2000. Once the questionnaires were received, a process of verification of number of households interviewed as well as ‘’tabancas’’ visited was undertaken to ensure quality control. Field work was a very well organized operation with the use of UN vehicles. Fieldworkers reached almost all households selected in the sample despite constraints. In some areas such as Tombali and Quinara not all women/children could be interviewed because of the cultural practice of ‘’Fanado’’ (initiation rites) taking place 12 at that time; The survey also coincided with the cashew crop season which is mainly done by women. This reflected somehow in the coverage of children /women in some areas. Some problems were also encountered in the islands specially keeping women attentive to the process of interview. Problems encountered by interviewers in the islands are also related to difficulties in transportation.
In addition to a household questionnaire, questionnaires were administered in each household for women aged 12 - 49 and children under five. The questionnaires were adapted from the MICS standard model, taking into account local concerns such as the inclusion of additional modules on socio-professional status of households requested by World Bank and food security requested by WFP. From the MICS model English version, the questionnaires were translated into Portuguese, but the interviews were conducted in Creole and other national languages. The questionnaires were pre-tested during April 2000. In general the questionnaires remained standard with a few changes adapted to the local context. A thorough revision was conducted by one Unicef external consultant to ensure comparability of the information. Changes made included the lowering of the women in bearing age to twelve but to ensure international comparability the tables in annex show the results for women 15-49 age group and the two cycles of primary education. The questionnaires were validated with the participation of the government counterparts dealing with information, NGOs and the participation of UN Agencies during April.
Data was entered on 10 microcomputers using the EpiInfo software. It was decided to use six information control assistants and 4 administrators for checking questionnaires in order to prevent poor qualities of information before the data processing phase started. Procedures and standard programs developed under MICS and adapted to the Guinea-Bissau questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing began in July 2000 and finished in September 2000.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigators and the country
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
National Institute of Statistics and Census of Guinea Bissau and UNICEF, Inquérito Aos Indicadores Multiplos 2000, (MICS 2000) Ref. GNB_2000_MICS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://www.childinfo.org on [date]
United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1.0 - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library