In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Tajikistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women, and children.
Its primary objectives are:
· To provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Tajikistan at the end of the decade and for planning for the next decade;
· To furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and a basis for future action;
· To contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Tajikistan and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation, and analysis of such systems.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household, Women, Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
The scope of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2 includes:
- HOUSEHOLD: Household characteristics, Household listing, Education, Child labour, Water and Sanitation, Salt iodization.
- WOMEN: Women's characteristics, Child mortality, Maternal and Newborn health, Contraception, and HIV/AIDS knowledge
- CHILDREN: Children's characteristics, Birth registration and Early learning, Breastfeeding, Care of illness, Malaria, Immunization.
Producers and sponsors
State Statistical Agency
United Nations Children's Fund
Design of Survey and Technical Support
United Nations Children's Fund
The sample for the Tajikistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates of health indicators at the national and urban-rural levels. The sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage census enumeration areas were selected with probability proportional to size. The standard segment size was 500, the total number of standard segments was 12430. The sampling interval was 80, and 155 primary sampling units or clusters of 24 households each were selected. Within the selected enumeration areas, a household listing was carried out, and a systematic sample of 3720 households, in 155 clusters of 24 was drawn. The sample was selfweighting.
The data in this report is presented broken down by Dushanbe (the capital), Khatlon, Leninabad, Rayon of Republican Subordination (RRS) and Gorno Badakhshan (GBAO), but it should be noted that due to smaller sample sizes the findings are less statistically reliable for these regions.
Full technical details of the sample are included in Appendix A of the report.
When fieldwork began, due to the security situation in the Garm Valley, part of the Rayon of Republican Subordination, two clusters were deemed to be too dangerous for interviewers. Two replacement clusters were selected from the list of clusters, using the rule of selecting directly below those initially selected.
In addition, an outbreak of anthrax in the Kurgan-Tube zone of Khatlon province lead to a replacement of another cluster, using the same method.
Although the sample size calculations called for 24 households per cluster, 28 households were selected. Selection was done using the household listing provided by the jamoat and/or the SSA. At least three callback visits were made to each of the first 24 households, before moving to the additional four households selected. Due to the fact that jamoats keep comprehensive and up-to-date household listings, the use of replacement households was not necessary in rural areas, and was rarely necessary in urban areas.
Of the 3720 households selected for the Tajikistan MICS sample, 3720 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 100 percent (Table 1). This perfect response rate is explained by the fact that for each cluster 28 households were selected, with the first 24 being approached. If any of the first 24 households were not available, a replacement household was taken from the last four of the 28 selected. In rural areas, where local jamoats keep excellent household listings, replacement was not practiced. In urban areas, replacement was still infrequent, but occasionally necessary. In the interviewed households, 6282 eligible women aged 15-49 were identified. Of these, 6206 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 98.8 percent. In addition, 3560 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Of these, questionnaires were completed for 3535 children for a response rate of 99.3 percent.
The sample was self weighting, and representative at both national and urban-rural levels. Five administrative regions were used, corresponding to the oblasts or provinces of Tajikistan: Dushanbe (the capital), Khatlon, Leninabad, Rayons of Republican Subordination (RRP), and Gorno Badakhshan (GBAO).
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The field staff was trained for five days in June 2000, with three days for intervi ewers and supervisors, and an additional two days for supervisors. Fieldwork was divided by oblast, with the oblast level State Statistical agencies supervising. Thirteen teams collected the data; each was comprised of three interviewers, one driver, and a supervisor. The MICS Coordinator provided overall supervision. The fieldwork began on July 6, 2000 and concluded on August 5, 2000, with a total of three weeks of fieldwork in each oblast.
The questionnaires for the Tajikistan MICS were based on the MICS Model Questionnaire with some modifications and additions. A household questionnaire was administered in each household, which collected various information on household members including sex, age, literacy, marital status, and orphanhood status. The household questionnaire also includes education, child labor, water and sanitation, and salt iodization modules. In addition to a household questionnaire, questionnaires were administered in each household for women age 15-49 and children under age five. For children, the questionnaire was administered to the mother or caretaker of the child.
The questionnaire for women contains the following modules:
Maternal and newborn health
The questionnaire for children under age five includes modules on:
Birth registration and early learning
Care of Illness
Modifications were made to adjust to the Tajikistan context. For education, only children from seven years of age and older were asked about school enrollment and attendance, as primary school begins at this age. As the survey took place in the summer months, the questions on school attendance in the education module were modified accordingly. The child labour module was changed to include children of 15 as Tajikistan law prohibits 15 year-olds from working.
From the MICS model English version, the questionnaires were translated into two languages: Russian and Tajik. The questionnaires were pretested in July 2000 in Dushanbe. Based on the results of the pretest and discussion in the training session for interviewers, modifications were made to the wording and translation of the questionnaires.
Data were entered on ten computers using the ISSA software. Once data entry was completed, files were copied onto discs and combined on the supervisor's computer where consistency checks and analysis were completed. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were double entered and internal consistency checks were performed. Procedures and standard programs developed under MICS and adapted to the Tajikistan questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing began in August 2000 and finished in September 2000.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (June 2011) - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library