The current literature lacks a solid assessment of inequality in the transitional countries of the former Soviet Union during the transition from a centrally planned to a market economy. Against this background, the objective of this study is to provide an initial assessment of the intertemporal evolution of inequality in Azerbaijan. Drawing on microdata from two nationally representative surveys, this study uses the Gini coefficient and the families of general entropy and Atkinson inequality indexes to evaluate the robustness of inequality change in Azerbaijan from 1995 to 2002. The findings show narrowed inequality for the period. This conclusion is robust to the selection of an alternative equivalence scale and an alternative welfare indicator as well as a difference in sample size, longer accounting period, and seasonality.