1 Bottled water
 2 In-house piped water system
 3 Piped water outside dwelling/retail
 4 Pumped water
 5 Protected well
 6 Unprotected well
 7 Protected spring
 8 Unprotected spring
 9 River
 10 Rain water
 11 Others
In-house piped water system
Piped water through retail
Open uncovered well
NIU (not in universe)
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Question 405: Main Source of Drinking Water
Ask the main source of drinking water used by the household. Select one of the response codes in accordance with the respondent's answer.
It is important to remember that it is the source that is asked here. Thus, if a respondent's household gets its water from a well/spring that is channeled to the house, then the water source is well/spring. If a respondent uses water that comes from various sources, then select the source that provides the greatest volume of the water used by the household.
Source of Drinking Water
1. Bottled water is water produced and distributed by a company in bottles (500 ml, 600 ml, 1 liter, 12 liter or 19 liter) and glasses/cups; some of the brand names of these bottled waters are: Aqua, VIT, Airess, Moya, 2 Tang, MQ, and includes refilled drinking water bottles.
2. Water piped inside the house is water treated and purified before being sent to the consumer's house via water pipes. Some of the sources are The Drinking Water Company (Perusahaan Air Minum or PAM), the Local Drinking Water Company, or the Drinking Water Production Board managed either by the government or privately.
3. Piped water outside the house purchased at retail is water treated and purified before being sent to the consumer via water piped to a public/specified place. A household which obtains its water in this way whether they purchase it or not are included in this category.
4. Pump is ground water that is obtained using a manual pump, electric pump, or windmill, including artesian wells (sumur pantek).
5. Wells are dug into the ground to find the water that is there. A bucket or dipper with a handle is used to obtain the water with or without a pulley. Well water is divided into 2 categories, they are, protected water well and non protected water well.
Protected water well (code 5) is water which comes from the ground where the outer perimeter of the well is protected by a wall at least .8 meters above the ground and 3 meters below the ground and there is a cement floor surrounding the opening of the well with a radius of at least 1 meter.
6. Unprotected Well (code 6) is water which comes from the ground where the outer perimeter of the well is not protected by a wall and does not have cement floor surrounding the opening of the well with a radius of at least 1 meter.
7. Spring is a source of ground water where the water comes to the surface by itself.
Protected spring (code 7) is one which is protected from dirty water used for bathing, washing, etc.
8. Unprotected spring (code 8) is one which is not protected from dirty water used for bathing, washing, etc.
9. River water is water which comes from a river.
10. Rain water is water that is collected when it is raining.
11. Other is any type of water source which is not included in the categories given above, such as water from basin/lake, sea water, and water from a pool.
1. A household whose drinking water comes from a seller who goes from house to house is considered water outside the house purchased at retail.
2. A household whose drinking water comes from a spring or collected rain water but comes into the house through a pipe/plumbing without purifying it first, is still considered to have a spring or rain water as its source of drinking water.
3. A household whose drinking water comes from rain water during the rainy season and purchases water during the dry season is categorized based on which source provided the most drinking water during the past month.
4. A household which obtains it drinking water through refills is considered to have bottled water as its source of drinking water.
5. If a household uses a protected well as its source of drinking water, however, to bring up the water it uses a pump (either manual or electric), the source of drinking water for this household is protected well.
6. The source of piped drinking water which comes either from a protected or unprotected well depends on whether the pipes are inside the house, outside the house or in a public place.
This variable indicates the source by which the household obtains its drinking water.
Households in regular and remote enumeration areas