Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Question 208: Ethnicity and Citizenship
Ethnicity consists of a variety ethnic groups which are viewed as cultural wealth. Having data on ethnic diversity enables us to know our own people who live by the slogan Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Unity in Diversity), from many different ethnic groups come one people and one country. Data on ethnicity is important as a source of information which can be used as material for social research. Data on ethnicity was collected during the 2000 Population Census and used for research here as well as abroad.
Ask the ethnicity and citizenship of each household member. If the household member is an Indonesian citizen, then write his ethnicity in Q208a. If the household member is a foreign citizen, then write the citizenship in Q208b. Codes for ethnicity and citizenship will be filled in by the Team Coordinator according to the list of codes in Book 7.
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Citizenship and Ethnicity
Ethnicity is the ethnic group and culture which a person inherits. In general, ethnicity follows the paternal line (father/men), but there are some ethnic groups which follow the maternal line (mother/female) such as the Minangkabau.
Even though there is this "rule" there may still be some situations where a person has difficulty in deciding his ethnicity. For example, there are often difficulties when people of different ethnicities marry and even more so when different ethnicities have been mixed for several generations. In such cases, the ethnicity of a household member is whatever he thinks it is. Of course, a person usually leans toward an ethnicity in which he feels most comfortable. One measure is the cultural traditions which he/she follows most often. If the respondent "is confused", the enumerator can point him/her (with the respondent's permission) in the direction of his father's line, grandfather's line and so on.
If the citizenships of the parents are different, and the respondent cannot determine the citizenship of his children, then the citizenship of the children should be that of the father.
Indonesian citizens are those who are native Indonesians and those who are foreign born but have become Indonesian citizens.
Foreign citizens are those who have a nationality other than Indonesian. Citizenship is recorded as the name of the country in which he/she has citizenship. For example, if a person is of Chinese descent, but is a citizen of India, then record India as his citizenship.
This variable indicates the person's ethnicity.
Persons in regular enumeration areas and enumerated remote apartments