The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, Round 4 (MICS4) is the forth round of MICS surveys, previously conducted around 1995 (MICS1), 2000 (MICS2), and 2005-2007 (MICS3). MICS was originally developed to support countries measure progress towards an internationally agreed set of goals that emerged from the 1990 World Summit for Children.
The fourth round of Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS4) is scheduled for 2009-2011 and survey results are expected to be available from 2010 onwards. MICS4 data allow countries to better monitor progress toward national goals and global commitments, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as the target year 2015 approaches.
Information on more than 20 of the MDG indicators is being collected through MICS4, offering one of the largest single sources of data for MDG monitoring. MICS4 continues to address emerging issues and new areas of interest, with validated, standard methodologies in collecting relevant data. It also helps countries capture rapid changes in key indicators.
The Mongolia Multiple Indicator Survey was conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) with the support and assistance from the Government of Mongolia and UNICEF.
The survey was conducted to monitor the progress towards the goals and targets of the United Nations Millennium Declaration, adopted by all 191 United Nations Member States, and the Plan of Action of “A World Fit For Children”, adopted by 189 Member States at the United Nations Special Session on Children in May 2002. The Government of Mongolia has adopted in 2002 "National Program to Improve Child Development and Protection" which ended in 2010. To evaluate the implementation of the Program the Government needed to collect updated information on the children’s situation in Mongolia.
The objective of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2010 survey is to collect data on the health, education, development and protection, implementation of rights of children and women in Mongolia, examine females and males knowledge and sexual behavior on HIV, AIDS and to monitor the progress on achieving the goals of the Plan of Action of "A World Fit For Children", Millennium Development Goals and the "National Program to Improve Child Development and Protection".
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey includes:
- Household: Household Information Panel, Household Listing Form, Education, Water and Sanitation, Household Characteristics, Child Labour, Child Discipline, Place for Hand Washing and Salt Iodization.
- Women: Woman Information Panel, Woman's Background, Access to Mass Media and Use of Information Communication Technology, Child Mortality, Desire for Last Birth, Maternal and Newborn Health, Illness Symptoms, Contraception, Unmet Needs, Marriage/Union, Attitudes towards Domestic Violence, Sexual Behaviour, HIV/AIDS and Tobacco and Alcohol Use and Subjective Well-being.
- Children under five: Under-5 Child Information Panel, Age, Birth Registration, Early Childhood Development, Breastfeeding, Care of Illness, Immunization and Anthropometry.
- Men: Man Information Panel, Man‘ s Background, Access to Mass Media and Use of Information Communication Technology, Reproduction, Contraception, Marriage/in Union, Fertility Preference, Attitudes towards Domestic Violence, Sexual Behaviour, HIV/AIDS, Tobacco and Alcohol Use and Subjective Well-being.
- Children aged 2-14: 2-14 years-old Child Information Panel, Child Injury and Child Disability.
The survey covered all de jure household members (usual residents), all women aged between 15-49 years, all children under 5 and between 2-14 living in the household, and all men aged between 15-54 years.
Producers and sponsors
National Statistics Office
United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
Financial and technical support
Since the MICS is a household based survey the sample unit is a household. The sample was designed to provide estimates on a number of indicators on the situation of children, women and men at the national level, for urban and rural areas, and for the regions.
The five regions (Western, Khangai, Central, Easternand Ulaanbaatar) were identified as the main sampling domains and a sample was selected using the probability proportional to population size. Baghs in soums and khoroos in Ulaanbaatar were taken as the primary sampling units. Altogether 420 baghs and khoroos in the country were selected with probability proportional to size. 25 households within each of these selected units were sampled using the systematic sampling method, and a total of 10, 500 households were selected. For reporting national level results, sample weights are used.
In total 10,500 households selected for the sample, of these 10,092 households were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 98 percent. Of the listed household members in the interviewed households, 91 percent of women aged 15-49, 96 percent of mothers and caretakers of children under age of 5, 78 percent of men aged 15-54, and 97 percent of mothers and caretakers of children aged 2-14 successfully interviewed.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
There is one supervisor for each of the 10 survey teams in the field.
Data Collection Notes
15 days training for the field staff was conducted in 4-18, August, 2010. Training included lectures on the contents of the questionnaires, practicing and after the training was complete, trainees had a test after which field staff was selected.
The data were collected by 10 teams. Each team comprised of a supervisor, an editor and 5 interviewers (3 women and 2 men).
Fieldwork began on 27 August 2010 and was concluded on 20 December 2010. NSO and UNICEF staff, an international consultant from the UNICEF Regional Office and the members of MICS Steering committee participated in field monitoring. Field worker’s achievements and disadvantages had been discussed during the monitoring visit and necessary actions had been taken accordingly.
National Statistics Office
Government of Mongolia
The questionnaires for the Generic MICS were structured questionnaires based on the MICS4 model questionnaire with some modifications and additions. Household questionnaires were administered to a knowledgeable adult living in the household. The household questionnaire includes Household Information Panel, Household Listing Form, Education, Water and Sanitation, Household Characteristics, Child Labour, Child Discipline, Place for Hand Washing and Salt Iodization.
The women's questionnaire includes Woman Information Panel, Woman's Background, Access to Mass Media and Use of Information Communication Technology, Child Mortality, Desire for Last Birth, Maternal and Newborn Health, Illness Symptoms, Contraception, Unmet Needs, Marriage/Union, Attitudes towards Domestic Violence, Sexual Behaviour, HIV/AIDS and Tobacco and Alcohol Use and Subjective Well-being.
The children under five questionnaire includes Under-5 Child Information Panel, Age, Birth Registration, Early Childhood Development, Breastfeeding, Care of Illness, Immunization and Anthropometry.
The men's questionnaire includes Man Information Panel, Man' s Background, Access to Mass Media and Use of Information Communication Technology, Reproduction, Contraception, Marriage/ in Union, Fertility Preference, Attitudes towards Domestic Violence, Sexual Behaviour, HIV/AIDS, Tobacco and Alcohol Use and Subjective Well-being.
The children aged 2-14 questionnaire includes 2-14 years-old Child Information Panel, Child Injury and Child Disability.
Data collected from households were entered on computers using (CSPro 4.0) program adjusted to Mongolian questionnaires by 10 data operators between October-December, 2010. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were double entered, internal consistency checks were performed and database was finalized.
Data were analyzed using the SPSS 18.0 (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) software program, and the model syntax and tabulation plans developed by UNICEF were customized for this purpose according to the modified questionnaire.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
United Nations Children's Fund, National Statistics Office of Mongolia. Mongolia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2010, Ref. MNG_2010_MICS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [url] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.