Section III: Detailed particulars of household members
Five years and above
[Questions 26-27 were asked of resident members age 5+.]
26. Enter grade enrolled for those now attending school
97=Attended school in the past
98=Never attended school
Attended in the past
NIU (not in universe)
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Column 26 - 27: Educational status of persons aged 5 years and above
Questions in columns 18 - 20 refer only to members of a given household aged 5 years and over. During the time of enumeration, information on the school attendance status of the person and the highest grade the individual has completed will be asked and collected. All questions refer to the educational status of individuals aged 5 years and over at the time of the census.
I. School attendance and enrollment
Column 26: Enter grade enrolled for those currently attending school, code 97 if attended in the past and code 98 if never attended school
For those members of a household who are reported to be attending school at the time of the census, the grade level they are attending will be asked and the information obtained will be entered by their correct code as given on the next page. For those persons who are not attending school during the time of the census but who have attended sometime in the past, code 97 will be assigned. For individuals who have never attended school, code 98 will be given.
This question refers to the current school attendance status of persons aged 5 years and over. All eligible persons will be asked and based on the information obtained the appropriate code will be assigned from the given list of codes. Persons who are currently attending school (those who attend school at the time of enumeration) are those who are attending formal education in schools, training institutions, universities, colleges, etc., and persons who attend informal education like religious education at the time of enumeration. The schooling can be given by either paid or unpaid/volunteer persons/teachers.
Persons who are trying to adopt some skills during spare time with the help of their relatives or persons whom they know, for example daily laborers who try to acquire some skills about carpentry, mechanical works, and sewing while working, are not considered to be attending school. Nevertheless, those who are acquiring skills in training institutions at the time of the census are taken as persons who are attending school.
Those who attend formal educational institutions are given codes 00 to 12 and 20 to 23. For individuals who are reported to be attending informal education such as religious education, skill development like typing, carpentry, mechanical works, driving, sewing, etc., code 96 will be assigned.
Persons who are not attending school at the time of enumeration are divided in to two categories:
1. Those who are not reported to be attending school at the time of enumeration, but who have attended sometime in the past
2. Those who have never attended school
Those in category 1 are individuals who attended school sometime in the past but are not currently attending because of dropout or completion of the program. For those cases, code 97 will be given. Those in category 2 are individauls who have never attended any form of education and for them code 98 will be assigned.
To enable the enumerators to assign and enter the necessary code, the list of grade levels and the corresponding codes are listed below.
A: Grade levels and codes for those attending school at the time of enumeration
00. Pre-school: persons who are attending kindergarten or levels below grade 1
01. Grade 1: persons who are attending grade 1
02. Grade 2: persons who are attending grade 2
03. Grade 3: persons who are attending grade 3
04. Grade 4: persons who are attending grade 4
05. Grade 5: persons who are attending grade 5
06. Grade 6: persons who are attending grade 6
07. Grade 7: persons who are attending grade 7
08. Grade 8: persons who are attending grade 8
09. Grade 9: persons who are attending grade 9
10. Grade 10: persons who are attending grade 10
11. Grade 11: persons who are attending grade 11
12. Grade 12: persons who are attending grade 12
21. Certificate: persons who have completed 12th grade and are attending institutions like teachers training institute or colleges for certificate program (those attending colleges or universities for diploma or degree program are not included here)
21. College diploma: persons who are attending a higher education (college or degree) program which is designed to graduate students with a diploma (see the list of colleges, universities recognized as higher education institutions)
22. Degree: persons who are attending a program in a higher education institution which is designed to graduate students with a degree such as B.A., B.Sc., LL.B., M.D. (see the list of colleges, universities recognized as higher education institutions)
23. Postgraduate: persons who are attending a postgraduate program which is designed to graduate students with a postgraduate degree such as M.Sc., M.A. or Ph.D.
95. Adult education: persons who are attending adult education
96. Non-formal education: persons who are attending non-formal education like religious education at the time enumeration
List of recognized colleges and universities during the 1994 census
a. Addis Ababa University (includes; Awassa Agricultural College, Debre Zeit Veterinary Faculty, Gonder Medical College and Bahir Dar Pedagogical College)
b. Alemaya University
c. Ambo Agricultural College
d. Jimma Agricultural College
e. Wendo Genet Forestry College
f. Bahir Dar Polytechnic Institute
g. Addis Ababa College of Commerce
h. Cotebe Teachers College
i. Jimma Medical Institute
j. Urban Plan College
k. Arba Minch Water Technology Institute
l. Mekele Business College
Diplomas awarded other than those listed above (in Ethiopia) are considered a certificate and will be given code 20.
B. For those who have attended before but are not attending at the time of census
Dropout cases or those who attended before, 97: Persons who have previously attended any form of education either in formal or informal educational institutions but are not attending school at the time of enumeration.
C. Those who never attended before
Never attended before, 98: Persons who have never attended any form of education either in formal or informal educational institutions.
This variable indicates the person's current education level.